Hebrews 5:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the basic principles of the oracles of God. You need milk, not solid food,

King James Bible
For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.

American Standard Version
For when by reason of the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need again that some one teach you the rudiments of the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of solid food.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For whereas for the time you ought to be masters, you have need to be taught again what are the first elements of the words of God: and you are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.

English Revised Version
For when by reason of the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need again that some one teach you the rudiments of the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of solid food.

Webster's Bible Translation
For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need of one to teach you again which are the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong food.

Weymouth New Testament
For although, considering the long time you have been believers, you ought now to be teachers of others, you really need some one to teach you over again the very rudiments of the truths of God, and you have come to require milk instead of solid food.

Hebrews 5:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

When for the time ye ought to be teachers (ὀφείλοντες εἶναι διδάσκαλοι διὰ τὸν χρόνον)

Rend. for when ye ought to be teachers by reason of the time. A.V. entirely obscures the true meaning, which is that, because of the time during which the readers have been under instruction, they ought to be able to instruct others.

Again (πάλιν)

Not with teach you, as A.V., but with ye have need. The position of the word is emphatic. Again ye have need of being taught the very rudiments of divine truth which ye were taught long ago.

Which be (τινὰ)

A.V. takes the pronoun as interrogative (τίνα). Better indefinite as subject of διδάσκειν teach. Rend. "ye have need that some one teach you."

The first principles of the oracles (τα, στοιχεῖα τῆς ἀρχῆς τῶν λογίων)

Lit. the rudiments of the beginning of the oracles. The phrase στοιχεῖα τῆς ἀρχῆς N.T.o. It is equals primary elements. For στοιχεῖα see on Galatians 4:3. λόγιον is a diminutive, meaning strictly a brief utterance, and used both in classical and biblical Greek of divine utterances. In Class. of prose oracles. Philo uses it of the O.T. prophecies, and his treatise on the Ten Commandments is entitled περὶ τῶν δέκα λογίων. In lxx often generally - "the word or words of the Lord," see Numbers 24:16; Deuteronomy 33:9; Psalm 12:6; Psalm 18:30, etc. It was used of the sayings of Jesus, see Polycarp, Ad Philippians 7.From the time of Philo, of any sacred writing, whether discourse or narrative. Papias and Irenaeus have τὰ κυριακὰ λόγια dominical oracles. The meaning here is the O.T. sayings, especially those pointing to Christ.

And are become (καὶ γεγόνατε)

As in Hebrews 5:11, implying degeneracy. The time was when you needed the strong meat of the word.

Milk (γάλακτος)

Comp. 1 Corinthians 3:2. Answering to rudiments.

Strong meat (στερεὰς τροφῆς)

Lit. solid meat. See on steadfast, 1 Peter 5:9. More advanced doctrinal teaching. The explanation of the Melchisedec priesthood to which the writer was about to pass involved the exhibition for the first time of the opposition of the N.T. economy of salvation to that of the old, and of the imperfection and abrogation of the O.T. priesthood. To apprehend this consequence of N.T. revelation required alert and matured minds. This is why he pauses to dwell on the sluggish mental and spiritual condition of his readers.

Hebrews 5:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for the.

Matthew 17:17 Then Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you?...

Mark 9:19 He answers him, and said, O faithless generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him to me.

teachers.

Ezra 7:10 For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of the LORD, and to do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments.

Psalm 34:11 Come, you children, listen to me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD.

1 Corinthians 14:19 Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also...

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs...

Titus 2:3,4 The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine...

teach.

Isaiah 28:9,10,13 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk...

Philippians 3:1 Finally, my brothers, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed is not grievous, but for you it is safe.

the first.

Hebrews 6:1 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on to perfection...

the oracles.

2 Samuel 16:23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counceled in those days, was as if a man had inquired at the oracle of God...

Acts 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spoke to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers...

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

1 Peter 4:11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God gives...

as have.

Hebrews 5:13 For every one that uses milk is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

Isaiah 55:1 Ho, every one that thirsts, come you to the waters, and he that has no money; come you, buy, and eat...

1 Corinthians 3:1-3 And I, brothers, could not speak to you as to spiritual, but as to carnal, even as to babes in Christ...

1 Peter 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that you may grow thereby:

Cross References
Acts 7:38
This is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our fathers. He received living oracles to give to us.

1 Corinthians 3:2
I fed you with milk, not solid food, for you were not ready for it. And even now you are not yet ready,

1 Corinthians 14:20
Brothers, do not be children in your thinking. Be infants in evil, but in your thinking be mature.

Galatians 4:3
In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world.

Hebrews 5:11
About this we have much to say, and it is hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing.

Hebrews 6:1
Therefore let us leave the elementary doctrine of Christ and go on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God,

Hebrews 10:32
But recall the former days when, after you were enlightened, you endured a hard struggle with sufferings,

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