Hebrews 13:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
We have an altar from which those who serve the tent have no right to eat.

King James Bible
We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle.

American Standard Version
We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat that serve the tabernacle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
We have an altar, whereof they have no power to eat who serve the tabernacle.

English Revised Version
We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle.

Webster's Bible Translation
We have an altar, of which they have no right to eat who serve the tabernacle.

Weymouth New Testament
We Christians have an altar from which the ministers of the Jewish Tent have no right to eat.

Hebrews 13:10 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Those who persist in adhering to the Jewish economy can have no part in the blessing of the new covenant. The two are mutually exclusive. The statement is cast in the mould of the Jewish sacrificial ritual, and in the figure of eating a sacrificial meal.

We have an altar (ἔχομεν θυσιαστήριον)

It is a mistake to try to find in the Christian economy some specific object answering to altar - either the cross, or the eucharistic table, or Christ himself. Rather the ideas of approach to God, - sacrifice, atonement, pardon and acceptance, salvation, - are gathered up and generally represented in the figure of an altar, even as the Jewish altar was the point at which all these ideas converged. The application in this broader and more general sense is illustrated by Ignatius: "If one be not within the altar (ἐντὸς τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου the sacred precinct), he lacketh the bread of God.... Whosoever, therefore, cometh not to the congregation (ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ), he doth thereby show his pride, and hath separated himself," Eph. v. Ignatius here uses the word, not of a literal altar, but of the church. Comp. Trall. vii. Again: "Hasten to come together as to one temple, even God; to one altar, even to one Jesus Christ," Magn. vii.

Of which - to eat (εξ οὗ - φαγεῖν)

The foundation of the figure is the sacrifice of the peace or thank-offering, in which the worshippers partook of the sacrifice. See Leviticus 7:29-35; Deuteronomy 12:6; Deuteronomy 27:7. The peace-offerings were either public or private. The two lambs offered every year at Pentecost (Leviticus 23:19) were a public offering, and their flesh was eaten only by the officiating priests, and within the holy place. The other public peace-offerings, after the priests had received their share, were eaten by the offerers themselves. Jehovah thus condescended to be the guest of his worshippers. The large scale on which such festivals were sometimes celebrated is illustrated in 1 Kings 8:63. In private peace-offerings, the breast of the victim belonged to the Lord, who gave it to the priests (Leviticus 7:30), and the right shoulder was given directly to the priests by Israel (Leviticus 7:32). After the ritual of waving, the entrails were consumed, and the rest was eaten by the priest or the worshippers and their invited guests, among whom were specially included the poor and the Levites.

Right (ἐξουσίαν)

See on John 1:12.

Which serve the tabernacle (οἱ τῇ σκηνῇ λατρεύοντες)

This does not mean the priests only, but the worshippers also. Σκηνή tabernacle is used figuratively for the whole ceremonial economy. A reference to the priests alone is entirely foreign to the context, and to the whole drift of the discussion which contrasts the privileges of Christians at large (we) with those of Israel at large. The writer is speaking in the present tense, of institutions in operation in his own time, to which tabernacle, in any other than a figurative sense, would be inappropriate. Moreover, λατρεύειν to serve is used throughout the N.T., with the single exception of Hebrews 8:5, of the service of the worshipper and not of the priest.

Hebrews 13:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an altar.

1 Corinthians 5:7,8 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as you are unleavened...

1 Corinthians 9:13 Do you not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple?...

1 Corinthians 10:17,20 For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread...

serve.

Numbers 3:7,8 And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation...

Numbers 7:5 Take it of them, that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; and you shall give them to the Levites...

Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:18
Consider the people of Israel: are not those who eat the sacrifices participants in the altar?

Hebrews 8:5
They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, "See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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