Hebrews 1:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets,

King James Bible
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

American Standard Version
God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners,

Douay-Rheims Bible
God, who, at sundry times and in divers manners, spoke in times past to the fathers by the prophets, last of all,

English Revised Version
God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners,

Webster's Bible Translation
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets,

Weymouth New Testament
God, who in ancient days spoke to our forefathers in many distinct messages and by various methods through the Prophets,

Hebrews 1:1 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

God

Both stages of the revelation were given by God.

At sundry times (πολυμερῶς)

Rend. in many parts. N.T.o. olxx, but πολυμερής Wisd. 7:22. In the first stage of his revelation, God spake, not at once, giving a complete revelation of his being and will; but in many separate revelations, each of which set forth only a portion of the truth. The truth as a whole never comes to light in the O.T. It appears fragmentarily, in successive acts, as the periods of the Patriarchs, Moses, the Kingdom, etc. One prophet has one, another element of the truth to proclaim.

In divers manners (πολυτροπῶς)

Rend. in many ways. N.T.o. lxx, 4 Macc. 3:21. This refers to the difference of the various revelations in contents and form. Not the different ways in which God imparted his revelations to the prophets, but the different ways in which he spoke by the prophets to the fathers: in one way through Moses, in another through Elijah, in others through Isaiah, Ezekiel, etc. At the founding of the Old Testament kingdom of God, the character of the revelation was elementary. Later it was of a character to appeal to a more matured spiritual sense, a deeper understanding and a higher conception of the law. The revelation differed according to the faithfulness or unfaithfulness of the covenant-people. Comp. Ephesians 3:10, the many-tinted wisdom of God, which is associated with this passage by Clement of Alexandria (Strom. i. 4, 27). "Fitly, therefore, did the apostle call the wisdom of God many-tinted, as showing its power to benefit us in many parts and in many ways."

Spake (λαλήσας)

See on Matthew 28:18. Often in the Epistle of the announcement of the divine will by men, as Hebrews 7:14; Hebrews 9:19; by angels, as Hebrews 2:2; by God himself or Christ, as Hebrews 2:3; Hebrews 5:5; Hebrews 12:25. In Paul, almost always of men: once of Christ, 2 Corinthians 13:3; once of the Law, personified, Romans 3:9.

In time past (πάλαι)

Better, of old. The time of the Old Testament revelation. It indicates a revelation, not only given, but completed in the past.

Unto the fathers (τοῖς πατράσιν)

Thus absolutely, John 7:22; Romans 9:5; Romans 15:8. More commonly with your or our.

By the prophets (ἐν τοῖς προφήταις)

Rend. "in the prophets," which does not mean in the collection of prophetic writings, as John 6:45; Acts 13:40, but rather in the prophets themselves as the vessels of divine inspiration. God spake in them and from them. Thus Philo; "The prophet is an interpreter, echoing from within (ἔνδοθεν) the sayings of God" (De Praemiis et Poenis, 9)

Hebrews 1:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

at.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head...

Genesis 6:3,13 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh...

*etc:

Genesis 8:15 And God spoke to Noah, saying,

*etc:

Genesis 9:1 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.

*etc:

Genesis 12:1-3 Now the LORD had said to Abram, Get you out of your country, and from your kindred, and from your father's house...

Genesis 26:2-5 And the LORD appeared to him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell you of...

Genesis 28:12-15 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven...

Genesis 32:24-30 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day...

Genesis 46:2-4 And God spoke to Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I...

Exodus 3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert...

*etc:

Luke 24:27,44 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself...

Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God...

1 Peter 1:10-12 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come to you...

2 Peter 1:20,21 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation...

in.

Numbers 12:6-8 And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make myself known to him in a vision...

Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit on all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy...

the fathers.

Luke 1:55,72 As he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed for ever...

John 7:22 Moses therefore gave to you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses...

Acts 13:32 And we declare to you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made to the fathers,

Cross References
Numbers 12:6
And he said, "Hear my words: If there is a prophet among you, I the LORD make myself known to him in a vision; I speak with him in a dream.

Numbers 12:8
With him I speak mouth to mouth, clearly, and not in riddles, and he beholds the form of the LORD. Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?"

Joel 2:28
"And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions.

John 9:29
We know that God has spoken to Moses, but as for this man, we do not know where he comes from."

John 16:13
When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come.

Acts 2:30
Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne,

Acts 3:21
whom heaven must receive until the time for restoring all the things about which God spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets long ago.

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