Genesis 9:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image.

King James Bible
Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.

American Standard Version
Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: For in the image of God made he man.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whosoever shall shed man's blood, his blood shall be shed: for man was made to the image of God.

English Revised Version
Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.

Genesis 9:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Every moving thing that liveth shall be food for you; even as the green of the herb have I given you all (את־כּל equals חכּל)." These words do not affirm that man then first began to eat animal food, but only that God then for the first time authorized, or allowed him to do, what probably he had previously done in opposition to His will. "Only flesh in its soul, its blood (דמו in apposition to בּנפשׁו), shall ye not eat;" i.e., flesh in which there is still blood, because the soul of the animal is in the blood. The prohibition applies to the eating of flesh with blood in it, whether of living animals, as is the barbarous custom in Abyssinia, or of slaughtered animals from which the blood has not been properly drained at death. This prohibition presented, on the one hand, a safeguard against harshness and cruelty; and contained, on the other, "an undoubted reference to the sacrifice of animals, which was afterwards made the subject of command, and in which it was the blood especially that was offered, as the seat and soul of life (see note on Leviticus 17:11, Leviticus 17:14); so that from this point of view sacrifice denotes the surrender of one's own inmost life, of the very essence of life, to God" (Ziegler). Allusion is made to the first again in the still further limitation given in Genesis 9:5 : "and only (ואך) your blood, with regard to your souls (ל indicative of reference to an individual object, Ewald, 310a), will I seek (demand or avenge, cf. Psalm 9:13) from the hand of every beast, and from the hand of man, from the hand of every one, his brother;" i.e., from every man, whoever he may be, because he is his (the slain man's) brother, inasmuch as all men are brethren. The life of man was thus made secure against animals as well as men. God would avenge or inflict punishment for every murder, - not directly, however, as He promised to do in the case of Cain, but indirectly by giving the command, "Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed," and thus placing in the hand of man His own judicial power. "This was the first command," says Luther, "having reference to the temporal sword. By these words temporal government was established, and the sword placed in its hand by God." It is true the punishment of the murderer is enjoined upon "man" universally; but as all the judicial relations and ordinances of the increasing race were rooted in those of the family, and grew by a natural process out of that, the family relations furnished of themselves the norm for the closer definition of the expression "man." Hence the command does not sanction revenge, but lays the foundation for the judicial rights of the divinely appointed "powers that be" (Romans 13:1). This is evident from the reason appended: "for in the image of God made He man." If murder was to be punished with death because it destroyed the image of God in man, it is evident that the infliction of the punishment was not to be left to the caprice of individuals, but belonged to those alone who represent the authority and majesty of God, i.e., the divinely appointed rulers, who for that very reason are called Elohim in Psalm 82:6. This command then laid the foundation for all civil government,

(Note: Hic igitur fons est, ex quo manat totum just civile et just gentium. Nam si Deus concedit homini potestatem super vitam et mortem, profecto etiam concedit potestatem super id, quod minus est, ut sunt fortunae, familia, uxor, liberi, servi, agri; Haec omnia vult certorum hominum potestati esse obnoxia Deus, ut reos puniant. Luther.)

and formed a necessary complement to that unalterable continuance of the order of nature which had been promised to the human race for its further development. If God on account of the innate sinfulness of man would no more bring an exterminating judgment upon the earthly creation, it was necessary that by commands and authorities He should erect a barrier against the supremacy of evil, and thus lay the foundation for a well-ordered civil development of humanity, in accordance with the words of the blessing, which are repeated in Genesis 9:7, as showing the intention and goal of this new historical beginning.

Genesis 9:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

by.

Exodus 21:12-14 He that smites a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death...

Exodus 22:2,3 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him...

Leviticus 17:4 And brings it not to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer an offering to the LORD before the tabernacle of the LORD...

Leviticus 24:17 And he that kills any man shall surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:25 And the congregation shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood...

1 Kings 2:5,6,28-34 Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel...

Matthew 26:52 Then said Jesus to him, Put up again your sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.

Romans 13:4 For he is the minister of God to you for good. But if you do that which is evil, be afraid; for he bears not the sword in vain...

Revelation 13:10 He that leads into captivity shall go into captivity: he that kills with the sword must be killed with the sword...

in.

Genesis 1:26,27 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea...

Genesis 5:1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;

Psalm 51:4 Against you, you only, have I sinned, and done this evil in your sight: that you might be justified when you speak...

James 3:9 Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.

Cross References
Matthew 26:52
Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back into its place. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword.

1 Corinthians 11:7
For a man ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God, but woman is the glory of man.

Revelation 13:10
If anyone is to be taken captive, to captivity he goes; if anyone is to be slain with the sword, with the sword must he be slain. Here is a call for the endurance and faith of the saints.

Genesis 1:26
Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."

Genesis 1:27
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.

Genesis 42:22
And Reuben answered them, "Did I not tell you not to sin against the boy? But you did not listen. So now there comes a reckoning for his blood."

Exodus 20:13
"You shall not murder.

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