Genesis 49:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Judah, your brothers shall praise you; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father’s sons shall bow down before you.

King James Bible
Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee.

American Standard Version
Judah, thee shall thy brethren praise: Thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; Thy father's sons shall bow down before thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Juda, thee shall thy brethren praise: thy hands shall be on the necks of thy enemies: the sons of thy father shall bow down to thee.

English Revised Version
Judah, thee shall thy brethren praise: Thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; Thy father's sons shall bow down before thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise; thy hand shall be on the neck of thy enemies: thy father's children shall bow down before thee.

Genesis 49:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Blessing. - Genesis 49:1, Genesis 49:2. When Jacob had adopted and blessed the two sons of Joseph, he called his twelve sons, to make known to them his spiritual bequest. In an elevated and solemn tone he said, "Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you (יקרא for יקרה, as in Genesis 42:4, Genesis 42:38) at the end of the days! Gather yourselves together and hear, ye sons of Jacob, and hearken unto Israel your father!" The last address of Jacob-Israel to his twelve sons, which these words introduce, is designated by the historian (Genesis 49:28) "the blessing," with which "their father blessed them, every one according to his blessing." This blessing is at the same time a prophecy. "Every superior and significant life becomes prophetic at its close" (Ziegler). But this was especially the case with the lives of the patriarchs, which were filled and sustained by the promises and revelations of God. As Isaac in his blessing (Genesis 27) pointed out prophetically to his two sons, by virtue of divine illumination, the future history of their families; "so Jacob, while blessing the twelve, pictured in grand outlines the lineamenta of the future history of the future nation" (Ziegler). The groundwork of his prophecy was supplied partly by the natural character of his twelve sons, and partly by the divine promise which had been given by the Lord to him and to his fathers Abraham and Isaac, and that not merely in these two points, the numerous increase of their seed and the possession of Canaan, but in its entire scope, by which Israel had been appointed to be the recipient and medium of salvation for all nations. On this foundation the Spirit of God revealed to the dying patriarch Israel the future history of his seed, so that he discerned in the characters of his sons the future development of the tribes proceeding from them, and with prophetic clearness assigned to each of them its position and importance in the nation into which they were to expand in the promised inheritance. Thus he predicted to the sons what would happen to them "in the last days," lit., "at the end of the days" (ἐπ ̓ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν, lxx), and not merely at some future time. אחרית, the opposite of ראשׁית, signifies the end in contrast with the beginning (Deuteronomy 11:12; Isaiah 46:10); hence הימים אחרית in prophetic language denoted, not the future generally, but the last future (see Hengstenberg's History of Balaam, pp. 465-467, transl.), the Messianic age of consummation (Isaiah 2:2; Ezekiel 38:8, Ezekiel 38:16; Jeremiah 30:24; Jeremiah 48:47; Jeremiah 49:39, etc.: so also Numbers 24:14; Deuteronomy 4:30), like ἐπ ̓ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν (2 Peter 3:3; Hebrews 1:2), or ἐν ταῖς ἐσχάταις ἡμέραις (Acts 2:17; 2 Timothy 3:1). But we must not restrict "the end of the days" to the extreme point of the time of completion of the Messianic kingdom; it embraces "the whole history of the completion which underlies the present period of growth," or "the future as bringing the work of God to its ultimate completion, though modified according to the particular stage to which the work of God had advanced in any particular age, the range of vision opened to that age, and the consequent horizon of the prophet, which, though not absolutely dependent upon it, was to a certain extent regulated by it" (Delitzsch).

For the patriarch, who, with his pilgrim-life, had been obliged in the very evening of his days to leave the soil of the promised land and seek a refuge for himself and his house in Egypt, the final future, with its realization of the promises of God, commenced as soon as the promised land was in the possession of the twelve tribes descended from his sons. He had already before his eyes, in his twelve sons with their children and children's children, the first beginnings of the multiplication of his seed into a great nation. Moreover, on his departure from Canaan he had received the promise, that the God of his fathers would make him into a great nation, and lead him up again to Canaan (Genesis 46:3-4). The fulfilment of this promise his thoughts and hopes, his longings and wishes, were all directed. This constituted the firm foundation, though by no means the sole and exclusive purport, of his words of blessing. The fact was not, as Baumgarten and Kurtz suppose, that Jacob regarded the time of Joshua as that of the completion; that for him the end was nothing more than the possession of the promised land by his seed as the promised nation, so that all the promises pointed to this, and nothing beyond it was either affirmed or hinted at. Not a single utterance announces the capture of the promised land; not a single one points specially to the time of Joshua. On the contrary, Jacob presupposes not only the increase of his sons into powerful tribes, but also the conquest of Canaan, as already fulfilled; foretells to his sons, whom he sees in spirit as populous tribes, growth and prosperity on the soil in their possession; and dilates upon their relation to one another in Canaan and to the nations round about, even to the time of their final subjection to the peaceful sway of Him, from whom the sceptre of Judah shall never depart. The ultimate future of the patriarchal blessing, therefore, extends to the ultimate fulfilment of the divine promises-that is to say, to the completion of the kingdom of God. The enlightened seer's-eye of the patriarch surveyed, "as though upon a canvas painted without perspective," the entire development of Israel from its first foundation as the nation and kingdom of God till its completion under the rule of the Prince of Peace, whom the nations would serve in willing obedience; and beheld the twelve tribes spreading themselves out, each in his inheritance, successfully resisting their enemies, and finding rest and full satisfaction in the enjoyment of the blessings of Canaan.

It is in this vision of the future condition of his sons as grown into tribes that the prophetic character of the blessing consists; not in the prediction of particular historical events, all of which, on the contrary, with the exception of the prophecy of Shiloh, fall into the background behind the purely ideal portraiture of the peculiarities of the different tribes. The blessing gives, in short sayings full of bold and thoroughly original pictures, only general outlines of a prophetic character, which are to receive their definite concrete form from the historical development of the tribes in the future; and throughout it possesses both in form and substance a certain antique stamp, in which its genuineness is unmistakeably apparent. Every attack upon its genuineness has really proceeded from an a priori denial of all supernatural prophecies, and has been sustained by such misinterpretations as the introduction of special historical allusions, for the purpose of stamping it as a vaticinia ex eventu, and by other untenable assertions and assumptions; such, for example, as that people do not make poetry at so advanced an age or in the immediate prospect of death, or that the transmission of such an oration word for word down to the time of Moses is utterly inconceivable-objections the emptiness of which has been demonstrated in Hengstenberg's Christology i. p. 76 (transl.) by copious citations from the history of the early Arabic poetry.

Genesis 49:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

shall praise.

Genesis 29:35 And she conceived again, and bore a son: and she said, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called his name Judah...

Genesis 44:18-34 Then Judah came near to him, and said, Oh my lord, let your servant, I pray you, speak a word in my lord's ears...

Genesis 46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan...

Deuteronomy 33:7 And this is the blessing of Judah: and he said, Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him to his people...

1 Chronicles 5:2 For Judah prevailed above his brothers, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph's:)

Psalm 76:1 In Judah is God known: his name is great in Israel.

Hebrews 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

thy hand.

Numbers 1:27 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Judah, were three score and fourteen thousand and six hundred.

Numbers 10:14 In the first place went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies...

Numbers 26:22 These are the families of Judah according to those that were numbered of them, three score and sixteen thousand and five hundred.

Judges 1:1,2 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying...

Judges 20:18 And the children of Israel arose, and went up to the house of God, and asked counsel of God, and said...

2 Samuel 24:9 And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people to the king...

1 Kings 4:1-34 So king Solomon was king over all Israel...

1 Chronicles 12:1-40 Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish...

2 Chronicles 11:12-17 And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side...

2 Chronicles 14:8 And Asa had an army of men that bore targets and spears, out of Judah three hundred thousand; and out of Benjamin...

2 Chronicles 15:9 And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and the strangers with them out of Ephraim and Manasseh, and out of Simeon...

2 Chronicles 17:2,14-16 And he placed forces in all the fenced cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah, and in the cities of Ephraim...

2 Chronicles 30:11 Nevertheless divers of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves, and came to Jerusalem.

Psalm 18:40-43 You have also given me the necks of my enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me...

Psalm 78:68-71 But chose the tribe of Judah, the mount Zion which he loved...

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, on the throne of David, and on his kingdom, to order it...

Hebrews 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.

Hebrews 10:13 From now on expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

Revelation 5:5 And one of the elders said to me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the book...

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying...

the neck.

Joshua 10:24 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings to Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel...

2 Samuel 22:41 You have also given me the necks of my enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.

Ezekiel 21:29 Whiles they see vanity to you, whiles they divine a lie to you, to bring you on the necks of them that are slain, of the wicked...

thy father's.

Genesis 27:29 Let people serve you, and nations bow down to you: be lord over your brothers, and let your mother's sons bow down to you...

Genesis 37:7-10 For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, see, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright...

Genesis 42:6 And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brothers came...

2 Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD...

Cross References
Genesis 27:29
Let peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers, and may your mother's sons bow down to you. Cursed be everyone who curses you, and blessed be everyone who blesses you!"

Genesis 29:35
And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, "This time I will praise the LORD." Therefore she called his name Judah. Then she ceased bearing.

Numbers 26:20
And the sons of Judah according to their clans were: of Shelah, the clan of the Shelanites; of Perez, the clan of the Perezites; of Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites.

Deuteronomy 33:7
And this he said of Judah: "Hear, O LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him in to his people. With your hands contend for him, and be a help against his adversaries."

Judges 1:2
The LORD said, "Judah shall go up; behold, I have given the land into his hand."

1 Chronicles 5:2
though Judah became strong among his brothers and a chief came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph),

1 Chronicles 28:4
Yet the LORD God of Israel chose me from all my father's house to be king over Israel forever. For he chose Judah as leader, and in the house of Judah my father's house, and among my father's sons he took pleasure in me to make me king over all Israel.

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