|English Standard Version (© 2001)|
"Judah, your brothers shall praise you; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father's sons shall bow down before you.
King James Bible
Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee.
American Standard Version
Judah, thee shall thy brethren praise: Thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; Thy father's sons shall bow down before thee.
Young's Literal Translation
Judah! thou -- thy brethren praise thee! Thy hand is on the neck of thine enemies, Sons of thy father bow themselves to thee.
Genesis 49:8 Additional TranslationsKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
Judah, the fourth son, was the first to receive a rich and unmixed blessing, the blessing of inalienable supremacy and power. "Judah thou, thee will thy brethren praise! thy hand in the neck of thy foes! to thee will thy father's sons bow down!" אתּה, thou, is placed first as an absolute noun, like אני in Genesis 17:4; Genesis 24:27; יודוּך is a play upon יהוּדה like אודה in Genesis 29:35. Judah, according to Genesis 29:35, signifies: he for whom Jehovah is praised, not merely the praised one. "This nomen, the patriarch seized as an omen, and expounded it as a presage of the future history of Judah." Judah should be in truth all that his name implied (cf. Genesis 27:36). Judah had already shown to a certain extent a strong and noble character, when he proposed to sell Joseph rather than shed his blood (Genesis 37:26.); but still more in the manner in which he offered himself to his father as a pledge for Benjamin, and pleaded with Joseph on his behalf (Genesis 43:9-10; Genesis 44:16.); and it was apparent even in his conduct towards Thamar. In this manliness and strength there slumbered the germs of the future development of strength in his tribe. Judah would put his enemies to flight, grasp them by the neck, and subdue them (Job 16:12, cf. Exodus 23:27; Psalm 18:41). Therefore his brethren would do homage to him: not merely the sons of his mother, who are mentioned in other places (Genesis 27:29; Judges 8:19), i.e., the tribes descended from Leah, but the sons of his father-all the tribes of Israel therefore; and this was really the case under David (2 Samuel 5:1-2, cf. 1 Samuel 18:6-7, and 1 Samuel 18:16). This princely power Judah acquired through his lion-like nature.
Genesis 49:8 Parallel CommentariesBow Children Earth Enemies Father's Hand Haters Judah Neck Praise ThemselvesBow Children Earth Enemies Father's Hand Haters Judah Neck Praise ThemselvesThe ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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Genesis 27:29 Let peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers, and may your mother's sons bow down to you. Cursed be everyone who curses you, and blessed be everyone who blesses you!"
Genesis 29:35 And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, "This time I will praise the LORD." Therefore she called his name Judah. Then she ceased bearing.
Numbers 26:20 And the sons of Judah according to their clans were: of Shelah, the clan of the Shelanites; of Perez, the clan of the Perezites; of Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites.
Deuteronomy 33:7 And this he said of Judah: "Hear, O LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him in to his people. With your hands contend for him, and be a help against his adversaries."
Judges 1:2 The LORD said, "Judah shall go up; behold, I have given the land into his hand."
1 Chronicles 5:2 though Judah became strong among his brothers and a chief came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph),
1 Chronicles 28:4 Yet the LORD God of Israel chose me from all my father's house to be king over Israel forever. For he chose Judah as leader, and in the house of Judah my father's house, and among my father's sons he took pleasure in me to make me king over all Israel.