Genesis 4:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Cain spoke to Abel his brother. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

King James Bible
And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

American Standard Version
And Cain told Abel his brother. And it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Cain said to Abel his brother: Let us go forth abroad. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel, and slew him.

English Revised Version
And Cain told Abel his brother. And it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

Genesis 4:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

He "said to his brother Abel." What he said is not stated. We may either supply "it," viz., what God had just said to him, which would be grammatically admissible, since אמר is sometimes followed by a simple accusative (Genesis 22:3; Genesis 44:16), and this accusative has to be supplied from the context (as in Exodus 19:25); or we may supply from what follows some such expressions as "let us go into the field," as the lxx, Sam., Jonathan, and others have done. This is also allowable, so that we need not imagine a gap in the text, but may explain the construction as in Genesis 3:22-23, by supposing that the writer hastened on to describe the carrying out of what was said, without stopping to set down the words themselves. This supposition is preferable to the former, since it is psychologically most improbable that Cain should have related a warning to his brother which produced so little impression upon his own mind. In the field "Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him." Thus the sin of Adam had grown into fratricide in his son. The writer intentionally repeats again and again the words "his brother," to bring clearly out the horror of the sin. Cain was the first man who let sin reign in him; he was "of the wicked one" (1 John 3:12). In him the seed of the woman had already become the seed of the serpent; and in his deed the real nature of the wicked one, as "a murderer from the beginning," had come openly to light: so that already there had sprung up that contrast of two distinct seeds within the human race, which runs through the entire history of humanity.

Genesis 4:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

talked.

2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly...

2 Samuel 13:26-28 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray you, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said to him, Why should he go with you...

2 Samuel 20:9,10 And Joab said to Amasa, Are you in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him...

Nehemiah 6:2 That Sanballat and Geshem sent to me, saying, Come, let us meet together in some one of the villages in the plain of Ono...

Psalm 36:3 The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he has left off to be wise, and to do good.

Psalm 55:21 The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.

Proverbs 26:24-26 He that hates dissembles with his lips, and lays up deceit within him...

Micah 7:6 For the son dishonors the father, the daughter rises up against her mother, the daughter in law against her mother in law...

Luke 22:48 But Jesus said to him, Judas, betray you the Son of man with a kiss?

Cain rose.

2 Samuel 14:6 And your handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one smote the other...

Job 11:15 For then shall you lift up your face without spot; yes, you shall be steadfast, and shall not fear:

Psalm 24:3-6 Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place...

Psalm 139:19 Surely you will slay the wicked, O God: depart from me therefore, you bloody men.

Matthew 23:35 That on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth...

Luke 11:51 From the blood of Abel to the blood of Zacharias which perished between the altar and the temple: truly I say to you...

1 John 3:12-15 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And why slew he him? Because his own works were evil...

Jude 1:11 Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward...

Cross References
Matthew 23:35
so that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.

Luke 11:51
from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation.

Hebrews 11:4
By faith Abel offered to God a more acceptable sacrifice than Cain, through which he was commended as righteous, God commending him by accepting his gifts. And through his faith, though he died, he still speaks.

1 John 3:12
We should not be like Cain, who was of the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were evil and his brother's righteous.

Jude 1:11
Woe to them! For they walked in the way of Cain and abandoned themselves for the sake of gain to Balaam's error and perished in Korah's rebellion.

Genesis 4:25
And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, "God has appointed for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him."

Numbers 35:20
And if he pushed him out of hatred or hurled something at him, lying in wait, so that he died,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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