Exodus 20:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates.

King James Bible
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

American Standard Version
but the seventh day is a sabbath unto Jehovah thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work on it, thou nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy beast, nor the stranger that is within thy gates.

English Revised Version
but the seventh day is a sabbath unto the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

Webster's Bible Translation
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

Exodus 20:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Second Word. - To the prohibition of idolatrous worship there is linked on, as a second word, the prohibition of the worship of images. "After declaring in the first commandment who was the true God, He commanded that He alone should be worshipped; and now He defines what is His lawful worship" (Calvin). "Thou shalt not make to thyself a likeness and any form of that which is in heaven above," etc. עשׂה is construed with a double accusative, so that the literal rendering would be "make, as a likeness and any form, that which is in heaven," etc. פּסל, from פּסל to carve wood or stone, is a figure made of wood or stone, and is used in Judges 17:3. for a figure representing Jehovah, and in other places for figures of heathen deities - of Asherah, for example, in 2 Kings 21:7. תּמוּנה does not signify an image made by man, but a form which is seen by him (Numbers 12:8; Deuteronomy 4:12, Deuteronomy 4:15.; Job 4:16; Psalm 17:15). In Deuteronomy 5:8 (cf. Exodus 4:16) we find כּל־תּמוּנה פּסל "likeness of any form:" so that in this passage also וכל־תּמוּנה is to be taken as in apposition to פּסל, and the ו as vav explic.: "and indeed any form," viz., of Jehovah, not of heathen gods. That the words should be so understood, is demanded by Deuteronomy 4:15., where Moses lays stress upon the command, not to make to themselves an image (פסל) in the form of any sculpture (סמל), and gives this as the reason: "For ye saw no form in the day when Jehovah spake to you at Horeb." This authoritative exposition of the divine prohibition on the part of Moses himself proves undeniably, that פסל and תמונה are to be understood as referring to symbolical representations of Jehovah. And the words which follow also receive their authoritative exposition from Deuteronomy 4:17 and Deuteronomy 4:18. By "that which is in heaven" we are to understand the birds, not the angels, or at the most, according to Deuteronomy 4:19, the stars as well; by "that which is in earth," the cattle, reptiles, and the larger or smaller animals; and by "that which is in the water," fishes and water animals. "Under the earth" is appended to the "water," to express in a pictorial manner the idea of its being lower than the solid ground (cf. Deuteronomy 4:18). It is not only evident from the context that the allusion is not to the making of images generally, but to the construction of figures of God as objects of religious reverence or worship, but this is expressly stated in Exodus 20:5; so that even Calvin observes, that "there is no necessity to refute what some have foolishly imagined, that sculpture and painting of every kind are condemned here." With the same aptness he has just before observed, that "although Moses only speaks of idols, there is no doubt that by implication he condemns all the forms of false worship, which men have invented for themselves."

Exodus 20:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the seventh

Exodus 31:13 Speak you also to the children of Israel, saying, Truly my sabbaths you shall keep...

Exodus 34:21 Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest: in ripening time and in harvest you shall rest.

thou shalt

Exodus 16:27,28 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none...

Numbers 15:32-36 And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks on the sabbath day...

Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

thy manservant

Deuteronomy 5:14,15 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter...

thy stranger

Exodus 23:9-12 Also you shall not oppress a stranger: for you know the heart of a stranger, seeing you were strangers in the land of Egypt...

Deuteronomy 16:11,12 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Deuteronomy 24:14-22 You shall not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of your brothers...

Nehemiah 10:31 And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath...

Nehemiah 13:15-21 In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading donkeys; as also wine, grapes...

Cross References
Luke 23:56
Then they returned and prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

Exodus 16:26
Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is a Sabbath, there will be none."

Exodus 35:2
Six days work shall be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on it shall be put to death.

Leviticus 23:3
"Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is a Sabbath to the LORD in all your dwelling places.

Nehemiah 13:16
Tyrians also, who lived in the city, brought in fish and all kinds of goods and sold them on the Sabbath to the people of Judah, in Jerusalem itself!

Ezekiel 14:7
For any one of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn in Israel, who separates himself from me, taking his idols into his heart and putting the stumbling block of his iniquity before his face, and yet comes to a prophet to consult me through him, I the LORD will answer him myself.

Jump to Previous
Cattle Daughter Female Gates Livestock Maidservant Maid-Servant Male Manner Manservant Man-Servant Sabbath Servant Seventh Sojourner Stays Stranger Within Work
Jump to Next
Cattle Daughter Female Gates Livestock Maidservant Maid-Servant Male Manner Manservant Man-Servant Sabbath Servant Seventh Sojourner Stays Stranger Within Work
Links
Exodus 20:10 NIV
Exodus 20:10 NLT
Exodus 20:10 ESV
Exodus 20:10 NASB
Exodus 20:10 KJV

Exodus 20:10 Bible Apps
Exodus 20:10 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 20:10 Chinese Bible
Exodus 20:10 French Bible
Exodus 20:10 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition 2011: The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Exodus 20:9
Top of Page
Top of Page