Ephesians 6:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one;

King James Bible
Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.

American Standard Version
withal taking up the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the evil one .

Douay-Rheims Bible
In all things taking the shield of faith, wherewith you may be able to extinguish all the fiery darts of the most wicked one.

English Revised Version
withal taking up the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the evil one.

Webster's Bible Translation
Above all, taking the shield of faith, with which ye will be able to extinguish all the fiery darts of the wicked.

Weymouth New Testament
And besides all these take the great shield of faith, on which you will be able to quench all the flaming darts of the Wicked one;

Ephesians 6:16 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Above all (ἐπὶ πᾶσιν)

Ambiguous. It may mean over all, or in addition to all. The latter is correct. Rev., withal.

The shield of faith (τὸν θυρεὸν τῆς πίστεως)

Θυρεόν shield, is from θύρα door, because shaped like a door. Homer uses the word for that which is placed in front of the doorway. Thus of the stone placed by Polyphemus in front of his cave ("Odyssey," ix., 240). The shield here described is that of the heavy infantry; a large, oblong shield, four by two and a half feet, and sometimes curved on the inner side. Sculptured representations may be seen on Trajan's column. Compare "Compass him as with a shield," Psalm 5:12. It was made of wood or of wicker-work, and held on the left arm by means of a handle. Xenophon describes troops, supposed to be Egyptians, with wooden shields reaching to their feet ("Anabasis," i., 8, 9). Saving faith is meant.

Fiery darts (τὰ βέλη τὰ πεπυρωμένα)

Lit., the darts, those which have been set on fire. Herodotas says that the Persians attacked the citadel of Athens "with arrows whereto pieces of lighted tow were attached, which they shot at the barricade" (viii., 52). Thucydides: "the Plataeans constructed a wooden frame, which they set up on the top of their own wall opposite the mound.... They also hung curtains of skills and hides in front: these were designed to protect the woodwork and the workers, and shield them against blazing arrows" (ii. 75). Livy tells of a huge dart used at the siege of Saguntum, which was impelled by twisted ropes. "There was used by the Saguntines a missile weapon called falarica, with the shaft of fir, and round in other parts, except toward the point, whence the iron projected. This part, which was square, they bound around with tow and besmeared with pitch. It had an iron head three feet in length, so that it could pierce through the body with the armor. But what caused the greatest fear was that this weapon, even though it stuck in the shield and did not penetrate into the body, when it was discharged with the middle part on fire, and bore along a much greater flame produced by the mere motion, obliged the armor to be thrown down, and exposed the soldier to succeeding blows" (xxi. 8). Again, of the siege of Ambracia by the Romans: "Some advanced with burning torches, others carrying tow and pitch and fire-darts, their entire line being illuminated by the blaze" (xxxviii. 6). Compare Psalm 7:13, where the correct rendering is, "His arrows He maketh fiery arrows." Temptation is thus represented as impelled from a distance. Satan attacks by indirection - through good things from which no evil is suspected. There is a hint of its propagating power: one sin draws another in its track: the flame of the fire-tipped dart spreads. Temptation acts on susceptible material. Self-confidence is combustible. Faith, in doing away with dependence on self, takes away fuel for the dart. It creates sensitiveness to holy influences by which the power of temptation is neutralized. It enlists the direct aid of God. See 1 Corinthians 10:13; Luke 22:32; James 1:2; 1 Peter 4:12; 2 Peter 2:9.

Ephesians 6:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the shield. The [thureos] was a large oblong shield, or scuta, like a door, [thura,] made of wood and covered with hides.

Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am your shield...

Psalm 56:3,4,10,11 What time I am afraid, I will trust in you...

Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runs into it, and is safe.

2 Corinthians 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith you stand.

2 Corinthians 4:16-18 For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day...

Hebrews 6:17,18 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to show to the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath...

Hebrews 11:24-34 By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter...

1 Peter 5:8,9 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walks about, seeking whom he may devour...

1 John 5:4,5 For whatever is born of God overcomes the world: and this is the victory that overcomes the world, even our faith...

to quench.

1 Thessalonians 5:19 Quench not the Spirit.

Cross References
2 Samuel 22:36
You have given me the shield of your salvation, and your gentleness made me great.

Psalm 7:13
he has prepared for him his deadly weapons, making his arrows fiery shafts.

Psalm 120:4
A warrior's sharp arrows, with glowing coals of the broom tree!

Matthew 5:37
Let what you say be simply 'Yes' or 'No'; anything more than this comes from evil.

1 Thessalonians 5:8
But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and for a helmet the hope of salvation.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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