Ecclesiastes 3:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
a time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up what is planted;

King James Bible
A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;

American Standard Version
a time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;

Douay-Rheims Bible
A time to be born and a time to die. A time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted.

English Revised Version
a time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;

Webster's Bible Translation
A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;

Ecclesiastes 3:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"For what has man of all his labour, and the endeavours of his heart with which he wearies himself under the sun? All his days are certainly in sorrows, and his activity in grief; his heart resteth not even in the night: also this is vain." The question literally is: What is (comes forth, results) to a man from all his labour; for "to become, to be, to fall to, happen to," is the fundamental idea of הוה (whence here הוה, γινόμενον, as at Nehemiah 6:6, γενεεσόμενος) or היה, the root signification of which is deorsum ferri, cadere, and then accidere, fieri, whence הוּה, eagerness precipitating itself upon anything (vid., under Proverbs 10:3), or object.: fall, catastrophe, destruction. Instead of שׁהוּא, there is here to be written שׁהוּא,

(Note: Thus according to tradition, in H, J, P, vid., Michlol 47b, 215b, 216a; vid., also Norzi.)

as at Ecclesiastes 3:18 שׁהם. The question looks forward to a negative answer. What comes out of his labour for man? Nothing comes of it, nothing but disagreeableness. This negative contained in the question is established by כּי, 23a. The form of the clause, "all his days are sorrows," viz., as to their condition, follows the scheme, "the porch was 20 cubits," 2 Chronicles 3:4, viz., in measurement; or, "their feast is music and wine," Isaiah 5:12, viz., in its combination (vid., Philippi's Stat. Const. p. 90ff.). The parallel clause is וכעם ענינו, not כו; for the final syllable, or that having the accent on the penult, immediately preceding the Athnach-word, takes Kametz, as e.g., Leviticus 18:5; Proverbs 25:3; Isaiah 65:17 (cf. Olsh. 224, p. 440).

(Note: But cf. also ולא with Zakeph Katan, 2 Kings 5:17; ואר וגו with Tiphcha, Isaiah 26:19; and וריב under Psalm 45:10.)

Many interpreters falsely explain: at aegritudo est velut quotidiana occupatio ejus. For the sake of the parallelism, ענינו (from ענה, to weary oneself with labour, or also to strive, aim; vid., Psalmen, ii. 390) is subj. not pred.: his endeavour is grief, i.e., brings only grief or vexation with it.

Even in the night he has no rest; for even then, though he is not labouring, yet he is inwardly engaged about his labour and his plans. And this possession, acquired with such labour and restlessness, he must leave to others; for equally with the fool he fails under the stroke of death: he himself has no enjoyment, others have it; dying, he must leave all behind him, - threefold הבל, Ecclesiastes 2:17, Ecclesiastes 2:21, Ecclesiastes 2:23, and thus הבלים הבל.

Ecclesiastes 3:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

time to be born

Genesis 17:21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear to you at this set time in the next year.

Genesis 21:1,2 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah as he had spoken...

1 Samuel 2:5 They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were hungry ceased: so that the barren has born seven...

1 Kings 13:2 And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, O altar, altar, thus said the LORD; Behold...

2 Kings 4:16 And he said, About this season, according to the time of life, you shall embrace a son. And she said, No, my lord...

Psalm 113:9 He makes the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise you the LORD.

Isaiah 54:1 Sing, O barren, you that did not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, you that did not travail with child...

Luke 1:13,20,36 But the angel said to him, Fear not, Zacharias: for your prayer is heard; and your wife Elisabeth shall bear you a son...

John 16:21 A woman when she is in travail has sorrow, because her hour is come: but as soon as she is delivered of the child...

Acts 7:17,20 But when the time of the promise drew near, which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt...

Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

and a time

Genesis 47:29 And the time drew near that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said to him, If now I have found grace in your sight...

Numbers 20:24-28 Aaron shall be gathered to his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given to the children of Israel...

Numbers 27:12-14 And the LORD said to Moses, Get you up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given to the children of Israel...

Deuteronomy 3:23-26 And I sought the LORD at that time, saying...

Deuteronomy 34:5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD.

Job 7:1 Is there not an appointed time to man on earth? are not his days also like the days of an hireling?

Job 14:5,14 Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with you, you have appointed his bounds that he cannot pass...

Isaiah 38:1,5 In those days was Hezekiah sick to death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, Thus said the LORD...

Jeremiah 1:10 See, I have this day set you over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down...

Jeremiah 18:7-10 At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy it...

Jeremiah 45:4 Thus shall you say to him, The LORD said thus; Behold, that which I have built will I break down...

Matthew 13:28,29,41 He said to them, An enemy has done this. The servants said to him, Will you then that we go and gather them up...

Matthew 15:13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father has not planted, shall be rooted up.

Cross References
Hebrews 9:27
And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,

Job 14:5
Since his days are determined, and the number of his months is with you, and you have appointed his limits that he cannot pass,

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