1 Peter 5:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.

King James Bible
Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

American Standard Version
Be sober, be watchful: your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Be sober and watch: because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.

English Revised Version
Be sober, be watchful: your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

Webster's Bible Translation
Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

Weymouth New Testament
Curb every passion, and be on the alert. Your great accuser, the Devil, is going about like a roaring lion to see whom he can devour.

1 Peter 5:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Be sober (νήψατε)

See on 1 Peter 4:7.

Be vigilant (γρηγορήσατε)

Rev., be watchful. See on Mark 13:35; and 1 Thessalonians 5:6, where both verbs occur: watch and be sober. A reminiscence of the scene in Gethsemane: Could ye not watch with me? (Matthew 26:40, Matthew 26:41).

Adversary (ὁ αντίδικος)

The article points to a well-known adversary. From ἀντί, against, and δίκη, a lawsuit. Strictly, an adversary in a lawsuit. Here an adversary in general. Compare Zechariah 3:1-5. Only here, in New Testament, of Satan.

The devil

See on Matthew 4:1.

Roaring (ὠρυόμενος)

Only here in New Testament. The word conveys somewhat of the sense by the sound (oruomenos). It denotes especially the howl of a beast in fierce hunger.

Lion

Augustine says, "Christ is called 'a lion' (Revelation 5:5) because of his courage: the devil, because of his ferocity. The one lion comes to conquer, the other to hurt." Seven Hebrew words are used for this animal; six to describe his movements and four to describe his roar. He is mentioned in the Bible about one hundred and thirty times. In Job 4:10, Job 4:11, five different words are used for him. In Judges 14:5; Psalm 21:13; Psalm 103:21 (Sept.), the same word as here is used for the roaring of the lion as a translation of the Hebrew word for the thunder in Job 37:4.

Walketh about (περιπατεῖ)

Compare Job 1:7; Job 2:2. This word gave name to that sect of Greek philosophers known as Peripatetics, because they walked about while teaching or disputing. "St. Peter calls Satan the Peripatetic" (Cox, on Job). The Arabs call him the Busy One. It was to Peter that Christ said, "Satan hath desired to have you," etc. (Luke 22:31).

continued...

1 Peter 5:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sober.

1 Peter 1:13 Why gird up the loins of your mind, be sober...

1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be you therefore sober, and watch to prayer.

Matthew 24:48-50 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delays his coming...

Luke 12:45,46 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delays his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens...

Luke 21:34,36 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Romans 13:11-13 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed...

1 Thessalonians 5:6-8 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober...

1 Timothy 2:9,15 In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with modesty and sobriety; not with braided hair, or gold...

1 Timothy 3:2,11 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, apt to teach...

Titus 1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;

Titus 2:2,4,6,12 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience...

your.

Esther 7:6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.

Job 2:2 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth...

Psalm 109:6 Set you a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.

*marg:

Isaiah 50:8 He is near that justifies me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who is my adversary? let him come near to me.

Zechariah 3:1 And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

the devil.

Matthew 4:1,11 Then was Jesus led up of the spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil...

Matthew 13:39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning...

Ephesians 4:27 Neither give place to the devil.

Ephesians 6:11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

James 4:7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

1 John 3:8-10 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested...

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...

Revelation 22:2,10 In the middle of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bore twelve manner of fruits...

as.

Judges 14:5 Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold...

Psalm 104:21 The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God.

Proverbs 19:12 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew on the grass.

Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoever provokes him to anger sins against his own soul.

Isaiah 5:29,30 Their roaring shall be like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yes, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey...

Isaiah 14:12,13 How are you fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how are you cut down to the ground, which did weaken the nations!...

Jeremiah 2:15 The young lions roared on him, and yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant.

Jeremiah 51:38 They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions' whelps.

Ezekiel 19:7 And he knew their desolate palaces, and he laid waste their cities; and the land was desolate, and the fullness thereof...

Hosea 11:10 They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.

Joel 3:16 The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake...

Amos 1:2 And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn...

Amos 3:4,8 Will a lion roar in the forest, when he has no prey? will a young lion cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing...

Zechariah 11:3 There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions...

2 Timothy 4:17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known...

Revelation 12:12 Therefore rejoice, you heavens, and you that dwell in them...

walketh.

Job 1:7 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth...

Job 2:2 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth...

devour.

Ezekiel 22:25 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the middle thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls...

Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them...

Hosea 13:8 I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the lobe of their heart...

Cross References
Job 1:7
The LORD said to Satan, "From where have you come?" Satan answered the LORD and said, "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down on it."

Proverbs 28:15
Like a roaring lion or a charging bear is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

Matthew 24:42
Therefore, stay awake, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming.

Mark 4:15
And these are the ones along the path, where the word is sown: when they hear, Satan immediately comes and takes away the word that is sown in them.

2 Corinthians 2:11
so that we would not be outwitted by Satan; for we are not ignorant of his designs.

2 Timothy 4:17
But the Lord stood by me and strengthened me, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. So I was rescued from the lion's mouth.

James 4:7
Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

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