1 Kings 18:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the LORD came, saying, “Israel shall be your name,”

King James Bible
And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of the LORD came, saying, Israel shall be thy name:

American Standard Version
And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of Jehovah came, saying, Israel shall be thy name.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he took twelve stones according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the Lord came, saying: Israel shall be thy name.

English Revised Version
And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of the LORD came, saying, Israel shall be thy name.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the LORD came, saying, Israel shall be thy name:

1 Kings 18:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

As the people adhered to their undecided double-mindedness, Elijah proposed to let the Deity Himself decide who was the true God, Jehovah or Baal. The prophets of Baal were to offer a sacrifice to Baal, and he (Elijah) would offer one to Jehovah. And the true God should make Himself known by kindling the burnt-offering presented to Him with fire from heaven, and in this way answering the invocation of His name. This proposal was based upon the account in Leviticus 9. As Jehovah had there manifested Himself as the God of Israel by causing fire to fall from heaven upon the first sacrifice presented in front of the tabernacle and to consume it, Elijah hoped that in like manner Jehovah would even now reveal Himself as the living God. And the form of decision thus proposed would necessarily appear all the fairer, because Elijah, the prophet of Jehovah, stood alone in opposition to a whole crowd of Baal's prophets, numbering no less than 450 men. And for that very reason the latter could not draw back, without publicly renouncing their pretensions, whether they believed that Baal would really do what was desired, or hoped that they might be able to escape, through some accident or stratagem, from the difficult situation that had been prepared for them, or fancied that the God of Elijah would no more furnish the proof of His deity that was desired of Him than Baal would. In order, however, to cut off every subterfuge in the event of their attempt proving a failure, Elijah not only yielded the precedence to them on the occasion of this sacrifice, but gave them the choice of the two oxen brought to be offered; which made the fairness of his proposal so much the more conspicuous to every one, that the people willingly gave their consent.

1 Kings 18:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

twelve stones

Exodus 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars...

Joshua 4:3,4 And command you them, saying, Take you hence out of the middle of Jordan, out of the place where the priests' feet stood firm...

Ezra 6:17 And offered at the dedication of this house of God an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs...

Jeremiah 31:1 At the same time, said the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.

Ezekiel 37:16-22 Moreover, you son of man, take you one stick, and write on it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions...

Ezekiel 47:13 Thus said the Lord GOD; This shall be the border, whereby you shall inherit the land according to the twelve tribes of Israel...

Ephesians 2:20 And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;

Ephesians 4:4-8 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you are called in one hope of your calling...

Revelation 7:4-8 And I heard the number of them which were sealed...

Revelation 21:12 And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon...

saying

Genesis 32:28 And he said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince have you power with God and with men...

Genesis 33:20 And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael.

Genesis 35:10 And God said to him, Your name is Jacob: your name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be your name...

2 Kings 17:34 To this day they do after the former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances...

Isaiah 48:1 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah...

Cross References
Genesis 32:28
Then he said, "Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel, for you have striven with God and with men, and have prevailed."

Genesis 35:10
And God said to him, "Your name is Jacob; no longer shall your name be called Jacob, but Israel shall be your name." So he called his name Israel.

2 Kings 17:34
To this day they do according to the former manner. They do not fear the LORD, and they do not follow the statutes or the rules or the law or the commandment that the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel.

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