1 Corinthians 13:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I have been fully known.

King James Bible
For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.

American Standard Version
For now we see in a mirror, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know fully even as also I was fully known.

Douay-Rheims Bible
We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.

English Revised Version
For now we see in a mirror, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I have been known.

Webster's Bible Translation
For now we see through a glass darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.

Weymouth New Testament
For the present we see things as if in a mirror, and are puzzled; but then we shall see them face to face. For the present the knowledge I gain is imperfect; but then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.

1 Corinthians 13:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Through a glass (δἰ ἐσόπτρου)

Rev., in a mirror. Through (διά) is by means of. Others, however, explain it as referring to the illusion by which the mirrored image appears to be on the other side of the surface: others, again, think that the reference is to a window made of horn or other translucent material. This is quite untenable. Ἔσοπτρον mirror occurs only here and James 1:23. The synonymous word κάτοπτρον does not appear in the New Testament, but its kindred verb κατοπτρίζομαι to look at one's self in a mirror, is found, 2 Corinthians 3:18. The thought of imperfect seeing is emphasized by the character of the ancient mirror, which was of polished metal, and required constant polishing, so that a sponge with pounded pumice-stone was generally attached to it. Corinth was famous for the manufacture of these. Pliny mentions stone mirrors of agate, and Nero is said to have used an emerald. The mirrors were usually so small as to be carried in the hand, though there are allusions to larger ones which reflected the entire person. The figure of the mirror, illustrating the partial vision of divine things, is frequent in the rabbinical writings, applied, for instance, to Moses and the prophets. Plato says: "There is no light in the earthly copies of justice or temperance or any of the higher qualities which are precious to souls: they are seen through a glass, dimly" ("Phaedrus," 250). Compare "Republic," vii., 516.

Darkly (ἐν αἰνίγματι)

Lit., in a riddle or enigma, the word expressing the obscure form in which the revelation appears. Compare δἰ αἰνιγμάτων in dark speeches, Numbers 12:8.

Face to face

Compare mouth to mouth, Numbers 12:8.

Shall I know (ἐπιγνώσομαι)

American Rev., rightly, "I shall fully know." See on knowledge, Romans 3:20. The A.V. has brought this out in 2 Corinthians 6:9, well known.

I am known (ἐπεγνώσθην)

The tense is the aorist, "was known," in my imperfect condition. Paul places himself at the future stand-point, when the perfect has come. The compound verb is the same as the preceding. Hence American Rev., "I was fully known."

1 Corinthians 13:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

we see.

2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory...

2 Corinthians 5:7 (For we walk by faith, not by sight:)

Philippians 3:12 Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after...

James 1:23 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like to a man beholding his natural face in a glass:

darkly. Gr. in a riddle.

Judges 14:12-19 And Samson said to them, I will now put forth a riddle to you: if you can certainly declare it me within the seven days of the feast...

Ezekiel 17:2 Son of man, put forth a riddle, and speak a parable to the house of Israel;

face.

Exodus 33:11 And the LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua...

Numbers 12:8 With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the LORD shall he behold...

Matthew 5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.

Matthew 18:10 Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones; for I say to you...

Romans 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.

1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it does not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear...

Revelation 22:4 And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.

now.

1 Corinthians 13:9,10 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part...

John 10:15 As the Father knows me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

Cross References
Genesis 32:30
So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel, saying, "For I have seen God face to face, and yet my life has been delivered."

Numbers 12:8
With him I speak mouth to mouth, clearly, and not in riddles, and he beholds the form of the LORD. Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?"

Job 19:26
And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God,

Job 36:26
Behold, God is great, and we know him not; the number of his years is unsearchable.

1 Corinthians 8:3
But if anyone loves God, he is known by God.

1 Corinthians 13:9
For we know in part and we prophesy in part,

1 Corinthians 13:11
When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I gave up childish ways.

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