Simon the Cananaean
Jump to: ISBEGreekLibrarySubtopics
2581. Kananaios -- Cananaean, Aramaic for Zealot, surname of one ...
... twelve apostles because he was an adherent of the -- "Simon the Canaanite (Mt 10:
4; Mk 3:18). Word Origin of Aramaic origin Definition Cananaean, Aramaic for ...
// - 7k

After Prayer Jesus Selects Twelve Apostles.
... wrote later than Matthew and Mark) by the name Judas"John 14:22.] ^a 4 Simon the
Cananaean, ^c who was called the Zealot [Cananæan means the same as zealot. ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/xli after prayer jesus selects.htm

Leadership for Service
... and John his brother; Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican;
James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; Simon the Cananaean, and Judas ...
/.../the social principles of jesus/chapter vii leadership for service.htm

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Simon the Cananaean


(Simon Kananaios; kanna'i, "the Jealous (or Zealous) One"): One of the Twelve Apostles. This Simon was also named "the Canaanite" (Matthew 10:4 Mark 3:18 the King James Version) or "the Cananean" (Matthew 10:4 Mark 3:18 the Revised Version (British and American)) or "Zelotes" (Luke 6:15 Acts 1:13 the King James Version) or "the Zealot" (Luke 6:15 Acts 1:13 the Revised Version (British and American)).

According to the "Gospel of the Ebionites" or" Gospel of the Twelve Apostles" (of the 2nd century and mentioned by Origen) Simon received his call to the apostleship along with Andrew and Peter, the sons of Zebedee, Thaddaeus and Judas Iscariot at the Sea of Tiberias (compare Matthew 4:18-22; see also Hennecke, Neutestamentliche Apokryphen, 24-27).

Although Simon, like the majority of the apostles, was probably a Galilean, the designation "Cananaean" is regarded as of political rather than of geographical significance (compare Luke's rendering). The Zealots were a faction, headed by Judas of Galilee, who "in the days of the enrollment" (compare Acts 5:37 Luke 2:1, 2) bitterly opposed the threatened increase of taxation at the census of Quirinius, and would have hastened by the sword the fulfillment of Messianic prophecy.

Simon has been identified with Simon the brother of Jesus (Mark 6:3 Matthew 13:55), but there also are reasons in favor of identifying him with Nathanael.

Thus (1) all the arguments adduced in favor of the Bartholomew-Nathanael identification (see NATHANAEL) can equally be applied to that of Simon-Nathanael, except the second. But the second is of no account, since the Philip-Bartholomew connection in the Synoptists occurs merely in the apostolic lists, while in John it is narrative. Further, in the Synoptists, Philip is connected in the narrative, not with Bartholomew but with Andrew.

(2) The identity is definitely stated in the Genealogies of the Twelve Apostles (see NATHANAEL). Further, the "Preaching of Simon, son of Cleopas" (compare Budge, II, 70;) has the heading "The preaching of the blessed Simon, the son of Cleopas, who was surnamed Judas, which is interpreted Nathanael, who became bishop of Jerusalem after James the brother of our Lord." Eusebius (Historia Ecclesiastica, III, xi, 32; IV, xxii) also refers to a Simon who succeeded James as bishop of Jerusalem and suffered martyrdom under Trajan; and Hegesippus, whom Eusebius professes to quote, calls this Simon a son of Cleopas.

(3) The invitation of Philip to Nathanael (compare John 1:45) was one which would naturally be addressed to a follower of the Zealots, who based their cause on the fulfillment of Messianic prophecy.

(4) As Alpheus, the father of James, is generally regarded as the same as Clopas or Cleopas (see JAMES), this identification of the above Simon Nathanael, son of Cleopas, with Simon Zelotes would shed light on the reason of the juxtaposition of James son of Alpheus and Simon Zelotes in the apostolic lists of Luke and Acts, i.e. they were brothers.

C. M. Kerr



Simon Magus

Simon Peter

Simon the Canaanite

Simon the Cananaean

Simon the Zealot

Simon: A Leper: Jesus Dines With

Simon: A Man from the City of Cyrene: Compelled to Carry Jesus' Cross

Simon: A Pharisee: Jesus Dines With

Simon: A Physical Half-Brother of Jesus

Simon: A Sorcerer (Also Called Simon Magus): Rebuked by Peter

Simon: A Tanner: Peter Lodges With

Simon: One of the Twelve Apostles; a Revolutionary and a Patriot: Called "The Canaanite"

Simon: One of the Twelve Apostles; a Revolutionary and a Patriot: Called "Zelotes"

Simon: The Father of Judas Iscariot

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Top of Page
Top of Page