Seventy Disciples
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On the Mission of the Seventy Disciples, and Christ's Charge to ...
... Chapter XXIV."On the Mission of the Seventy Disciples, and Christ's Charge
to Them Precedents Drawn from the Old Testament. Absurdity ...
/.../tertullian/the five books against marcion/chapter xxiv on the mission of.htm

The Disciples of Our Saviour.
... 1. The names of the apostles of our Saviour are known to every one from the Gospels.
[199] But there exists no catalogue of the seventy disciples. ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter xii the disciples of our.htm

Excursus on the Chorepiscopi.
... If nothing more could be urged against them, than that the Council of Neo-C├Žsarea
compared them to the Seventy disciples, that the Council of Antioch ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/excursus on the chorepiscopi.htm

Journey Continued through Samaria. (Luke, xvii. , 11, Seq. ) ...
... first return from the Feast of Passover. The seventy disciples prepared
his way among the Samaritans. A few of them met with a bad ...
/.../section 222 journey continued through.htm

The Same Hippolytus on the Seventy Apostles.
... These two belonged to the seventy disciples who were scattered [2030] by the offence
of the word which Christ spoke, "Except a man eat my flesh, and drink my ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/the same hippolytus on the.htm

Choice of the Seventy. (Luke, X. ) --Import of the Number "Seventy ...
... of disciples had to be selected, and he chose (as in the selection of the Twelve,
p.116) a number at that time in common currency. The round number seventy may ...
/.../section 203 choice of the.htm

The Chorepiscopi, However, are Indeed after the Pattern of the ...
... that the Synod did not hold the chorepiscopi to be true bishops, as such were always
reputed and called successors, not of the Seventy disciples but successors ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon xiv the chorepiscopi however.htm

Narrative Concerning the Prince of the Edessenes.
... heaven, Thomas, [215] one of the twelve apostles, under divine impulse sent Thaddeus,
who was also numbered among the seventy disciples of Christ, [216] to ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter xiii narrative concerning the prince.htm

The Acts of Philip.
... And there was with him also Bartholomew, one of the seventy disciples of the Lord,
and his sister Mariamme, and his disciples that followed him. ...
// acts of philip/the acts of philip.htm

Instructions to the Seventy on their Mission. (Luke, X. ) the Wo ...
... Instructions to the Seventy on their Mission ... gathered together in my name, there
am I in the midst of them." Therefore, in sending out his disciples in various ...
/.../section 204 instructions to the.htm

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Seventy Disciples


The account of the designation and mission of these is found only in Luke 10. Some have therefore sought to maintain that we have here only a confused variant of the appointment of the Twelve; but this is impossible in the light of Luke's account of the Twelve in chapter 9.

The documents vary as between the numbers seventy and seventy-two, so that it is impossible to determine which is the correct reading; and internal evidence does not help at all in this case. There is nothing in the function or circumstances to indicate any reason for the specific number.

Commentators have sought parallels in the seventy elders chosen to assist Moses (Numbers 11) and suppose that Jesus was incidentally indicating Himself as the "prophet like unto Moses" whom God would raise up.

Again, the Jews popularly reckoned the "number of the nations of the earth" at seventy (compare Genesis 10), and some have supposed Jesus to be thus indicating that His gospel is universal. Attention is called to the fact that the Seventy are not forbidden to go to Gentiles and that their commission probably included Peraea, where many Gentiles were to be found. Some, again, have supposed that Jesus had in mind the Jewish Sanhedrin, composed of seventy (or seventy-two), and that the appointment of a like number to extend the work of His kingdom was a parabolic recognition that as the Jews were officially rejecting Him, so He was rejecting them as agents for the work of the kingdom. It is impossible to speak with any certainty as to any of these suggestions. It is to be noted that there is the same confusion between the numbers seventy and seventy-two in all four instances, as also in the tradition as to the number of translators of the Septuagint.

Inasmuch as no further mention is made of these workers, it is to be understood that they were appointed for a temporary ministry. Tradition names several of them and identifies them with disciples active after Pentecost. While it is probable that some of these were witnesses later, the tradition is worthless in details. The mission of these and the reason assigned for their appointment are essentially the same as in the case of the Twelve. Jesus is now completing His last popular campaign in preaching and introducing the kingdom of heaven. The employing of these in this service is in line with the permanent ideal of Christianity, which makes no distinction between the "laymen" and the "clergy" in responsibility and service. Jesus was perhaps employing all whose experience and sympathy made them fit for work in the harvest that was so plenteous while the laborers were few. He found seventy such now as He would find a hundred and twenty such after His ascension (Acts 1:15).

William Owen Carver



Seventy Disciples

Seventy Weeks

Seventy Years

Seventy: 70 Weeks in the Vision of Daniel

Seventy: The Jews in Captivity in Babylon for Seventy Years

Seventy: The Senate of the Israilites Composed of Seventy Elders

Seventy: The Seventy Disciples Sent Forth by Jesus (Though the Best Greek Mss Have "Seventy-Two")

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