Mount of Olives
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1638. elaion -- an olive orchard, ie spec. the Mt. of Olives
... Cognate: 1638 (from 1636, "an olive tree") -- properly, the of olive trees (an olive
orchard), referring to the Mount of Olives (J. Thayer) -- the mountain ...
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1636. elaia -- an olive (the tree or the fruit)
... Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: elaia Phonetic Spelling: (el-ah'-yah) Short
Definition: an olive tree Definition: an olive tree; the Mount of Olives. ...
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1068. Gethsemani -- Gethsemane, an olive orchard on the Mt. of ...
... gheth-say-man-ay') Short Definition: Gethsemane Definition: Gethsemane, a small
place between the brook Kidron and the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem. ...
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On the Mount of Olives
... The DESIRE of AGES Chapter 69 On the Mount of Olives. [This chapter is based
on Matt.24; Mark 13; Luke 21:5-38.] Christ's words to ...
// desire of ages/chapter 69 on the mount.htm

Mount Olivet. The Mount of Olives, 2 Samuel 15:30
... A Chorographical Century Chapters 31-40 Chapter 40 Mount Olivet. The Mount
of Olives, 2 Samuel 15:30. Zechariah 14:4. In the Rabbins ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 40 mount olivet the.htm

At Night, Jesus Abode on the Mount of Olives
time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went ...
/.../newton/the life of jesus christ for the young/at night jesus abode on.htm

An Evening on the Mount of Olives.
and His friends went out from the Temple and Jerusalem ...
/.../lathbury/childs story of the bible/chapter xxxviii an evening on.htm

Of the Harmony Subsisting Between the Three Evangelists in their ...
... LXXVII."Of the Harmony Subsisting Between the Three Evangelists in Their Narratives
of the Discourse Which He Delivered on the Mount of Olives, When the ...
/.../the harmony of the gospels/chapter lxxvii of the harmony subsisting.htm

Christ Appears for the Last Time Near Jerusalem, on the Mount of ...
... CHAPTER VIII. THE RESURRECTION Section 305. Christ appears for the last
Time near Jerusalem, on the Mount of Olives. The minds of ...
/.../section 305 christ appears for.htm

The Evening of the Third Day in Passion-Week - on the Mount of ...
/.../edersheim/the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter vi the evening of.htm

Of the Erection of Churches in Bethlehem, and on the Mount of ...
... Book III. Chapter XLI."Of the Erection of Churches in Bethlehem, and on
the Mount of Olives. In the same country he discovered ...
/.../pamphilius/the life of constantine/chapter xli of the erection of.htm

Evening of the Third Day in Passion-Week-On the Mount of Olives ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter vii evening of the.htm

The Memorable Hymn. "And when they had Sung an Hymn, they Went Out ...
... THE MEMORABLE HYMN. "And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into
the mount of Olives.""Matthew xxvi. 30. THE MEMORABLE HYMN. ...
// he come/the memorable hymn and when.htm

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Mount of Olives



Smith's Bible Dictionary
Mount Of Olives

"The Mount of Olives" occurs in the Old Testament in (Zechariah 14:4) only. In (2 Samuel 15:30) it is called "Olivet;" in other places simply "the mount," (Nehemiah 8:15) "the mount facing Jerusalem" (1 Kings 11:7) or "the mountain which is on the east aide of the city." (Ezekiel 11:23) In the New Testament the usual form is "the Mount of Olives." It is called also "Olivet." (Acts 1:12) This mountain is the well-known eminence on the east of Jerusalem, intimately connected with some of the gravest events of the history of the Old Testament and the New Testament, the scene of the flight of David and the triumphal progress of the Son of David, of the idolatry-of Solomon, and the agony and betrayal of Christ. It is a ridge of rather more than a mile in length, running in general direction north and south, covering the whole eastern side of the city. At its northern end the ridge bends round to the west so as to form an enclosure to the city on that side also. On the north a space of nearly a mile of tolerably level surface intervenes between the walls of the city and the rising ground; on the east the mount is close to the walls, parted only by the narrow ravine of the Kidron. It is this portion which is the real Mount of Olives of the history. In general height it is not very much above-the city: 300 feet higher than the temple mount, hardly more than 100 above the so-called Zion. It is rounded, swelling and regular in form. Proceeding from north to south there occur four independent summits, called -- 1, "Viri Galilaei:" 2, "Mount of Ascension;" 3, "Prophets" --subordinate to the last and almost a part of it; 4, "Mount of Offence."

  1. Of these the central one -the "Mount of Ascension"--is the most important. Three paths lead from the valley to the summit-one on the north, in the hollow between the two crests of the hill another over the summit, and a third winding around the southern shoulder still the most frequented and the best. The central hill, which we are now considering, purports to contain the sites of some of the most sacred and impressive events of Christian history. The majority of these sacred spots now command little or no attention; but three still remain, sufficiently sacred--if authentic--to consecrate any place. These are-- (1) Gethsemane, at the foot of the mount; (2) The spot from which our Saviour ascended on the summit; (3) The place of the lamentation of Christ over Jerusalem, halfway up. Of these, Gethsemane is the only one which has any claim to be authentic. [GETHSEMANE]
  2. Next to the central summit, on the southern side is a hill remarkable only for the fact that it contains the "singular catacomb" known as the "Tombs of the Prophets," probably in allusion to the words of Christ. (Matthew 23:29)
  3. The most southern portion of the Mount of Olives is that usually known as the "Mount of Offence," Mons Offensionis . It rises next to that last mentioned. The title "Mount of Offence," or "Scandal," was bestowed on the supposition that it is the "Mount of Corruption" on which Solomon erected the high places for the gods of his foreign wives. (2 Kings 23:13; 1 Kings 11:7) The southern summit is considerably lower than the centre one.
  4. There remains the "Viri Galilaei," about 400 yards from the "Mount of Ascension." It stands directly opposite the northeast corner of Jerusalem, and is approached by the path between it and the "Mount of Ascension." The presence of a number of churches and other edifices must have rendered the Mount of Olives, during the early and middle ages of Christianity, entirely unlike what it was in the time of the Jewish kingdom or of our Lord. Except the high places on the summit, the only buildings then to be seen were probably the walls of the vineyards and gardens and the towers and presses which were their invariable accompaniment. But though the churches are nearly all demolished, there must be a considerable difference between the aspect of the mountain now and in those days when it received its name from the abundance of its olive proves. It does not now stand so pre-eminent in this respect among the hills in the neighborhood of Jerusalem. It is only in the deeper and more secluded slope leading up to the northernmost summit that these venerable trees spread into anything like a forest. The cedars commemorated by the Talmud sad the date-palms implied in the name Bethany have fared still worse; there is not one of either to be found within many miles. Two religious ceremonies performed there must have done much to increase the numbers who resorted to the mount. The appearance of the new moon was probably watched for, certainly proclaimed, from the summit. The second ceremony referred to was the burning of the red heifer. This solemn ceremonial was enacted on the central mount, and in a spot so carefully specified that it would seem not difficult to fix it. It was due east of the sanctuary, and at such an elevation on the mount that the officiating priest, as he slew the animal and sprinkled blood, could see the facade of the sanctuary through the east gate of the temple.
ATS Bible Dictionary
Mount Of Olives

Ezekiel 11:23, called also OLIVET, 2 Samuel 15:30, a ridge running north and south on the east side of Jerusalem, its summit about half a mile from the city wall, and separated from it by the valley of the Kidron. It is composed of chalky limestone, the rocks everywhere showing themselves. The olive-trees that formerly covered it, and gave it its name, are now represented by a few trees and clumps of trees which ages of desolation have not eradicated. There are three prominent summits on the ridge; of these the southernmost, which is lower than the other two, is now known as the "Mount of Corruption," because Solomon defiled it by idolatrous worship, 1 Kings 11:5-7 2 Kings 23:13. Over this ridge passes the road to Bethany, the most frequented road to Jericho and the Jordan. The sides of the Mount of Olives towards the west contain many tombs, cut in the rocks.

The central summit rises two hundred feet above Jerusalem, and presents a fine view of the city, and indeed of the whole region, including the mountains of Ephraim on the north, the valley of the Jordan on the east, a part of the Dead Sea on the southeast, and beyond it Kerak in the mountains of Moab. Perhaps no spot on earth unites so fine a view, with so many memorials of the most solemn and important events. Over this hill the Savior often climbed in his journey to and from the holy city. Gethsemane lay at its foot on the west, and Bethany on its eastern slope, Matthew 24:3 Mark 13:3. It was probably near Bethany, and not as tradition says on the middle summit, that our lord ascended to heaven, Luke 24:50 Acts 1:12, though superstition has built the "Church of the Ascension" on the pretended spot, and shows the print of his feet on the rock whence he ascended! From the summit, three days before his death, he beheld Jerusalem, and wept over it, recalling the long ages of his more than parental care and grieving over its approaching ruin. Scarcely any thing in the gospels moves the heart more than this natural and touching scene. No one can doubt that it was God who there spoke; his retrospect, his predictions of his future judgments in the earth, Zechariah 14:4. See view of the central summit in GETHSEMANE. Also SEPULCHRES.



Mount Ebal

Mount Ephraim

Mount Ephron

Mount Naphtali

Mount Of Amalekites

Mount of Corruption

Mount of Olives

Mount of the Amalekites

Mount of the Amorites

Mount of the Valley

Mount Sina

Mount Zalmon

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