Greek2424. Iesous -- Jesus or Joshua, the name of the Messiah, also ... ...
" is properly "Jesus
." "" (2424 ) is His name, as the incarnate, eternal
Son of God (Mt 1:21,25, see also Lk 1:31) -- the Christ
, the divine ... //strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2424.htm - 7k
5547. Christos -- the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ
... Christ. From chrio; anointed, ie The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus -- Christ. see
GREEK chrio. (christe) -- 1 Occurrence. (christon) -- 65 Occurrences. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5547.htm - 7k
4990. soter -- a savior, deliverer
... Cognate: 4990 (a masculine noun, derived from 4982 , "save") -- properly, the ,
Jesus Christ who saves believers from their sins . See 4982 (). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4990.htm - 7k
602. apokalupsis -- an uncovering
... 602 ("revelation, unveiling") is principally used of the of Jesus Christ (the ),
especially a () of Christ (His will) previously unknown to the extent (because ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/602.htm - 7k
288. ampelos -- vine
... 288 -- a ; (figuratively) Jesus Christ, "the true " (Jn 15:1). 288 ("vine") is also
used symbolically of Christless Judaism and apostate Christianity (Rev 14:18 ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/288.htm - 7k
652. apostolos -- a messenger, one sent on a mission, an apostle
... Definition: a messenger, envoy, delegate, one commissioned by another to represent
him in some way, especially a man sent out by Jesus Christ Himself to preach ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/652.htm - 7k
935. basileus -- a king
... As King, Jesus Christ has unqualified jurisdiction over all creation --
also being God the Creator. (cf. Jn 1:1-3,49). See 932 (). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/935.htm - 7k
761. asaleutos -- unmoved
... immovable). In Heb 12:28, 761 ("unshakeable") underlines how the kingdom of
God because its Kind (Jesus Christ) is alway in charge! [Heb ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/761.htm - 7k
2378. thusia -- a sacrifice
... 2378 ("sacrifice") refers to various forms of OT blood sacrifices ("types") --
all awaiting their in their , Jesus Christ (Heb 10:5-12). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2378.htm - 7k
4165. poimaino -- to act as a shepherd
... 4165 () focuses on "" ("" 274), which includes guarding, guiding, and folding the
flock and is only provided (ultimately) by Jesus Christ -- Shepherd, who ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4165.htm - 8k
The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ
The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. <. The Dolorous Passion of
Our Lord Jesus Christ Anna Catherine Emmerich. Table of Contents. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/emmerich/the dolorous passion of our lord jesus christ/
The Life of Jesus Christ in Its Historical Connexion
The Life of Jesus Christ in Its Historical Connexion. <. The Life of Jesus
Christ in Its Historical Connexion Augustus Neander. Table of Contents. ...
/.../neander/the life of jesus christ in its historical connexion/
The Life of Jesus Christ for the Young
The Life of Jesus Christ for the Young. <. The Life of Jesus
Christ for the Young Richard Newton. Produced by Juliet ...
//christianbookshelf.org/newton/the life of jesus christ for the young/
The Trial and Death of Jesus Christ
The Trial and Death of Jesus Christ. <. The Trial and Death of Jesus Christ
James Stalker. Produced by Al Haines Table of Contents. Title Page. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/stalker/the trial and death of jesus christ/
The Testimony of Jesus Christ
... THE TESTIMONY OF JESUS CHRIST. Now, this may mean the testimony concerning
Him (the Gen. of the object or relation); or, the testimony ...
/.../bullinger/commentary on revelation/the testimony of jesus christ.htm
The Grace of Jesus Christ
... XXXII THE GRACE OF JESUS CHRIST. These are the last words of most of the Epistles
of the New Testament. ... But what is the grace of Jesus Christ? ...
/.../peabody/mornings in the college chapel/xxxii the grace of jesus.htm
In the Name of Jesus Christ Our Crucified Saviour
... PART ONE. HERE BEGIN THE LITTLE FLOWERS OF SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI CHAPTER
I IN THE NAME OF JESUS CHRIST OUR CRUCIFIED SAVIOUR. IN ...
/.../ugolino/the little flowers of st francis of assisi/chapter i in the name.htm
The Pre-Eminence of the Lord Jesus Christ.
... The Pre-Eminence of the Lord Jesus Christ. ... i:18). But who can tell out what
a pre-eminence, the pre-eminence of the Lord Jesus Christ is? ...
/.../gaebelein/the lord of glory/the pre-eminence of the lord.htm
Jesus Christ, the Revealer of the Creator, could not be the Same ...
... Chapter XIX."Jesus Christ, the Revealer of the Creator, Could Not Be the Same as
Marcion's God, Who Was Only Made Known by the Heretic Some CXV. ...
/.../the five books against marcion/chapter xix jesus christ the revealer.htm
Matthew's Genealogy of Jesus Christ
... I to VIII MATTHEW'S GENEALOGY OF JESUS CHRIST. ... And Jacob begat Joseph the husband
of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.'"MATT.1.1-16. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture a/matthews genealogy of jesus christ.htm
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaJesus Christ
je'-zus krist (Iesous Christos):
I. THE NAMES
II. ORDER OF TREATMENT
PART I. INTRODUCTORY
I. THE SOURCES
1. In General
2. Denial of Existence of Jesus
3. Extra-Christian Notices
4. The Gospels
(1) The Synoptics
(2) The Fourth Gospel
II. THE PREPARATION
1. Both Gentile and Jewish
2. Old Testament Preparation
3. Post-exilic Preparation
III. THE OUTWARD SITUATION
1. The Land
2. Political Situation
Changes in Territory
3. The Religious Sects
(1) The Scribes
(2) The Pharisees
(3) The Sadducees
(4) The Essenes
IV. THE CHRONOLOGY
1. Date of the Birth of Jesus
2. Date of His Baptism
3. Length of Ministry
4. Date of Christ's Death
PART II. THE PROBLEMS OF THE LIFE OF JESUS
I. THE MIRACLES
1. The "Modern" Attitude
2. Supernatural in the Gospels
II. THE MESSIAHSHIP
1. Reserve of Jesus and Modern Criticism
2. A Growing Revelation
III. KINGDOM AND APOCALYPSE
1. The Kingdom-Present or Future?
2. Apocalyptic Beliefs
IV. THE CHARACTER AND CLAIMS
1. Denial of Christ's Moral Perfection
2. Sinlessness and the Messianic Claim
PART III. COURSE OF THE EARTHLY LIFE OF JESUS
1. Divisions of the History
2. Not a Complete "Life"
A. FROM THE NATIVITY TO THE BAPTISM AND TEMPTATION
I. THE NATIVITY
1. Hidden Piety in Judaism
2. Birth of the Baptist
3. The Annunciation and Its Results
4. The Birth at Bethlehem
(1) The Census of Quirinius
(2) Jesus Born
5. The Incidents of the Infancy
(1) The Visit of the Shepherds
(2) The Circumcision and Presentation in the Temple
(3) Visit of the Magi
6. Flight to Egypt and Return to Nazareth
7. Questions and Objections
(1) The Virgin Birth
(2) The Genealogies
II. THE YEARS OF SILENCE-THE TWELFTH YEAR
1. The Human Development
2. Jesus in the Temple
IlI. THE FORERUNNER AND THE BAPTISM
1. The Preaching of John
The Coming Christ
2. Jesus Is Baptized
IV. THE TEMPTATION
1. Temptation Follows Baptism
2. Nature of the Temptation
3. Stages of the Temptation
Its Typical Character
B. THE EARLY JUDAEAN MINISTRY
I. THE TESTIMONIES OF THE BAPTIST
1. The Synoptics and John
2. Threefold Witness of the Baptist
II. THE FIRST DISCIPLES
1. Spiritual Accretion
2. "Son of Man" and "Son of God"
III. THE FIRST EVENTS
1. The First Miracle
2. The First Passover, and Cleansing of the Temple
3. The Visit of Nicodemus
4. Jesus and John
IV. JOURNEY TO GALILEE-THE WOMAN OF SAMARIA
1. Withdrawal to Galilee
2. The Living Water
3. The True Worship
4. Work and Its Reward
C. THE GALILEAN MINISTRY AND VISITS TO THE FEASTS
1. The Scene
2. The Time
First Period-From the Beginning of the Ministry in Galilee till the Mission of the Twelve
I. OPENING INCIDENTS
1. Healing of Nobleman's Son
2. The Visit to Nazareth
3. Call of the Four Disciples
4. At Capernaum
a) Christ's Teaching
b) The Demoniac in the Synagogue
Demon-Possession: Its Reality
c) Peter's Wife's Mother
d) The Eventful Evening
II. FROM THE FIRST GALILEAN CIRCUIT TILL THE CHOICE OF THE APOSTLES
1. The First Circuit
2. Capernaum Incidents
a) Cure of the Paralytic
b) Call and Feast of Matthew
3. The Unnamed Jerusalem Feast
a) The Healing at Bethesda
b) Son and Father
c) The Threefold Witness
4. Sabbath Controversies
a) Plucking of the Ears of Grain
b) The Man with the Withered Hand
c) Withdrawal to the Sea
5. The Choosing of the Twelve
a) The Apostolic Function
b) The Lists
c) The Men
III. FROM THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT WILL THE PARABLES OF THE KINGDOM-A SECOND CIRCUIT
1. The Sermon on the Mount
a) The Blessings
b) True Righteousness-the Old and the New Law
c) Religion and Hypocrisy-True and False Motive
d) The True Good and Cure for Care
e) Relation to the World's Evil-the Conclusion
2. Intervening Incidents
a) Healing of the Centurion's Servant
b) The Widow of Nain's Son Raised
c) Embassy of John's Disciples-Christ and His Generation
d) The First Anointing-the Woman who Was a Sinner
3. Second Galilean Circuit-Events at Capernaum
a) Galilee Revisited
b) Cure of Demoniac-Discourse on Blasphemy
The Sign of Jonah
c) Christ's Mother and Brethren
4. Teaching in Parables
Parables of the Kingdom
IV. FROM THE CROSSING TO GADARA TO THE MISSION OF THE TWELVE-A THIRD CIRCUIT
1. Crossing of the Lake-Stilling of the Storm
a) Aspirants for Discipleship
b) The Storm Calmed
2. The Gadarene (Gerasene) Demoniac
3. Jairus' Daughter Raised-Woman with Issue of Blood
a) Jairus' Appeal and Its Result
b) The Afflicted Woman Cured
4. Incidents of Third Circuit
5. The Twelve Sent Forth-Discourse of Jesus
a) The Commission
b) Counsels and Warnings
Second Period-After the Mission of the Twelve till the Departure from Galilee
I. FROM THE DEATH OF THE BAPTIST TILL THE DISCOURSE ON THE BREAD OF LIFE
1. The Murder of the Baptist and Herod's Alarms
2. The Feeding of the Five Thousand
3. Walking on the Sea
4. Gennesaret-Discourse on the Bread of Life
Peter's First Confession
II. FROM DISPUTES WITH THE PHARISEES TILL THE TRANSFIGURATION
1. Jesus and Tradition-Outward and Inward Purity
2. Retirement to Tyre and Sidon-the Syrophoenician Woman
3. At Decapolis-New Miracles
a) The Deaf Man
b) Feeding of the Four Thousand
4. Leaven of the Pharisees, etc.-Cure of Blind Man
5. At Caesarea Philippi-the Great Confession-First Announcement of Passion
6. The Transfiguration-the Epileptic Boy
III. FROM PRIVATE JOURNEY THROUGH GALILEE TILL RETURN FROM THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES
1. Galilee and Capernaum
a) Second Announcement of the Passion
b) The Temple Tax
c) Discourse on Greatness and Forgiveness
(1) Greatness in Humility
(3) The Erring Brother
(4) Parable of Unmerciful Servant
2. The Feast of Tabernacles-Discourses, etc.
a) The Private Journey-Divided Opinions
b) Christ's Self-Witness
c) The Woman Taken in Adultery
d) The Cure of the Blind Man.
e) The Good Shepherd
D. LAST JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM-JESUS IN PERAEA
I. FROM LEAVING GALILEE TILL THE FEAST OF THE DEDICATION
1. Rejected by Samaria
2. Mission of the Seventy
3. The Lawyer's Question-Parable of Good Samaritan
4. Discourses, Parables, and Miracles
a) Original to Luke
b) The Infirm Woman-the Dropsied Man
c) Parable of the Great Supper
d) Counting the Cost
5. Martha and Mary
6. Feast of the Dedication
II. FROM THE ABODE AT BETHABARA TILL THE RAISING OF LAZARUS
1. Parables of Lost Sheep, Lost Piece of Silver and Prodigal Son
2. Parables of the Unjust Steward and the Rich Man and Lazarus
3. The Summons to Bethany-Raising of Lazarus
III. FROM THE RETIREMENT TO EPHRAIM TILL THE ARRIVAL AT BETHANY
1. Retreat to Ephraim
2. The Journey Resumed
3. Cure of the Lepers
4. Pharisaic Questionings
b) Coming of the Kingdom
c) Parable of the Unjust Judge
5. The Spirit of the Kingdom
a) Parable of Pharisee and Publican
b) Blessing of the Babies
c) The Rich Young Ruler
6. Third Announcement of the Passion
7. The Rewards of the Kingdom
a) Parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard
b) The Sons of Zebedee
8. Jesus at Jericho
a) The Cure of Bartimeus
b) Zaccheus the Publican
c) Parable of the Pounds
Arrival at Bethany
E. THE PASSION WEEK-BETRAYAL, TRIAL, AND CRUCIFIXION
I. THE EVENTS PRECEDING THE LAST SUPPER
1. The Chronology
2. The Anointing at Bethany
3. The Entry into Jerusalem
Jesus Weeping over Jerusalem-Return to Bethany
4. Cursing of the Fig Tree-Second Cleansing of the Temple
Were There Two Cleansings?
5. The Eventful Tuesday
a) The Demand for Authority-Parables
The Two Sons-the Wicked Husbandmen-the Marriage of the King's Son
b) Ensnaring Questions, etc.
(1) Tribute to Caesar-the Resurrection-the Great Commandment
(2) David's Son and Lord
c) The Great Denunciation
d) The Widow's Offering
e) The Visit of the Greeks
f) Discourse on the Last Things
g) Parables of Ten Virgins, Talents and Last Judgment
6. A Day of Retirement
7. An Atmosphere of Plotting-Judas and the Priests
II. FROM THE LAST SUPPER TILL THE CROSS
1. The Chronology
2. The Last Supper
a) The Preparation
b) Dispute about Precedence-Washing of the Disciples' Feet-Departure of Judas
c) The Lord's Supper
d) The Last Discourses-Intercessory Prayer
e) The Departure and Warning
3. Gethsemane-the Betrayal and Arrest
a) Agony in the Garden
b) Betrayal by Judas-Jesus Arrested
4. Trial before the Sanhedrin
Legal and Historical Aspects
a) Before Annas and Caiaphas-the Unjust Judgment
b) The Threefold Denial
c) Remorse and Suicide of Judas
5. Trial before Pilate
a) The Attitude of the Accusers
b) The Attitude of Pilate
(1) Jesus Sent to Herod
(2) "Not This Man, but Barabbas"
(3) "Ecce Homo"
(4) A Last Appeal-Pilate Yields
c) The Attitude of Jesus
III. THE CRUCIFIXION AND BURIAL
1. The Crucifixion
a) On the Way
b) Between the Thieves-the Superscription-the Seamless Robe
c) The Mocking-the Penitent Thief-Jesus and His Mother
d) The Great Darkness-the Cry of Desertion
e) Last Words and Death of Jesus
f) The Spear-Thrust-Earthquake and Rending of the Veil
2. The Burial
a) The New Tomb
b) The Guard of Soldiers
F. THE RESURRECTION AND ASCENSION
The Resurrection a Fundamental Fact
1. The Resurrection
a) The Easter Morning-the Open Tomb
(1) The Angel and the Keepers
(2) Visit of the Women
(3) The Angelic Message
b) Visit of Peter and John-Appearance to Mary
Report to the Disciples-Incredulity
c) Other Easter-Day Appearances (Emmaus, Jerusalem)
d) The Second Appearance to the Eleven-the Doubt of Thomas
e) The Galilean Appearances
(1) At the Sea of Tiberias-the Draught of Fish-Peter's Restoration
(2) On the Mountain-the Great Commission-Baptism
f) Appearance to James
g) The Last Meeting
2. The Ascension
PART IV. EPILOGUE: THE APOSTOLIC TEACHING
1. After the Ascension
2. Revelation through the Spirit
3. Gospels and Epistles
4. Fact of Christ's Lordship
5. Significance of Christ's Person
6. Significance of the Cross and Resurrection
7. Hope of the Advent
Jesus Christ: The Founder of the Christian religion; the promised Messiah and Saviour of the world; the Lord and Head of the Christian church.
I. The Names.
(Iesous) is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew "Joshua" (yehoshua`), meaning "Yahweh is salvation." It stands therefore in the Septuagint and Apocrypha for "Joshua," and in Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 likewise represents the Old Testament Joshua; hence, in the Revised Version (British and American) is in these passages rendered "Joshua." In Matthew 1:21 the name as commanded by the angel to be given to the son of Mary, "for it is he that shall save his people from their sins" (see below on "Nativity"). It is the personal name of the Lord in the Gospels and the Acts, but generally in the Epistles appears in combination with "Christ" or other appellative (alone in Romans 3:26; Romans 4:24 1 Corinthians 12:3; 2 Corinthians 11:4 Philippians 2:10 1 Thessalonians 4:14; Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 10:19, etc.).
(Christos) is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew "Messiah" (mashiach; compare in the New Testament, John 1:41; John 4:25, "Messiah"), meaning "anointed" (see MESSIAH). It designates Jesus as the fulfiller of the Messianic hopes of the Old Testament and of the Jewish people. It will be seen below that Jesus Himself made this claim. After the resurrection it became the current title for Jesus in the apostolic church. Most frequently in the Epistles He is called "Jesus Christ," sometimes "Christ Jesus" (Romans 8:1, 2, 39 1 Corinthians 1:2, 30; 1 Corinthians 4:15 Ephesians 1:1 Philippians 1:1 Colossians 1:4, 28 the King James Version; 1 Thessalonians 2:14, etc.), often "Christ" alone (Romans 1:16 the King James Version; Romans 5:6, 8; Romans 6:4, 8, 9; 8:10, etc.). In this case "Christ" has acquired the force of a proper name. Very frequently the term is associated with "Lord" (kurios)-"the (or "our") Lord Jesus Christ" (Acts 11:17; Acts 15:11 the King James Version; Acts 16:31 the King James Version; Acts 20:21; Acts 28:31 Romans 1:7; Romans 5:1, 11; 13:14 1 Corinthians 16:23, etc.).
II. Order of Treatment.
In studying, as it is proposed to do in this article, the earthly history of Jesus and His place in the faith of the apostolic church, it will be convenient to pursue the following order:
First, as introductory to the whole study, certain questions relating to the sources of our knowledge of Jesus, and to the preparation for, and circumstances of, His historical appearance, invite careful attention (Part I).
Next, still as preliminary to the proper narrative of the life of Jesus, it is desirable to consider certain problems arising out of the presentation of that life in the Gospels with which modern thought is more specially concerned, as determining the attitude in which the narratives are approached. Such are the problems of the miracles, the Messiahship, the sinless character and supernatural claims of Jesus (Part II).
The way is then open for treatment in order of the actual events of Christ's life and ministry, so far as recorded. These fall into many stages, from His nativity and baptism till His death, resurrection and ascension (Part III).
A final division will deal with Jesus as the exalted Lord in the aspects in which He is presented in the teaching of the Epistles and remaining writings of the New Testament (Part IV).
PART I. INTRODUCTORY
I. The Sources.
1. In General:
The principal, and practically the only sources for our knowledge of Jesus Christ are the four Canonical Gospels-distinction being made in these between the first three (Synoptic) Gospels, and the Gospel of John. Nothing, either in the few notices of Christ in non-Christian authors, or in the references in the other books of the New Testament, or in later Christian literature, adds to the information which the Gospels already supply. The so-called apocryphal Gospels are worthless as authorities (see under the word); the few additional sayings of Christ (compare Acts 20:35) found in outside writings are of doubtful genuineness (compare a collection of these in Westcott's Introduction to the Study of the Gospels, Appendix C; see also LOGIA).
2. Denial of Existence of Jesus:
It marks the excess to which skepticism has gone that writers are found in recent years who deny the very existence of Jesus Christ (Kalthoff, Das Christus-Problem, and Die Entstehung des Christenthums; Jensen, Das Gilgamesch-Epos, I; Drews, Die Christusmythe; compare on Kalthoff, Schweitzer, The Quest of the Historical Jesus, English translation, 313;; Jensen is reviewed in the writer's The Resurrection of Jesus, chapter ix). The extravagance of such skepticism is its sufficient refutation.
3. Extra-Christian Notices:
Of notices outside the Christian circles the following may be referred to.
There is the famous passage in Josephus, Ant, XVIII, iii, 3, commencing, "Now there was about this time, Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man," etc. It is not unlikely that Josephus had some reference to Jesus, but most agree that the passage in question, if not entirely spurious, has been the subject of Christian interpolation (on the lit. and different views, see Schurer, Jewish People in the Time of Christ, Div II, volume II, 143;; in support of interpolation, Edersheim on "Josephus," in Dictionary of Christ. Biography).
The Roman historian, Tacitus, in a well-known passage relating to the persecution of Nero (Ann. xv.44), tells how the Christians, already "a great multitude" (ingens multitudo), derived their name "from one Christus, who was executed in the reign of Tiberius by the procurator of Judea, Pontius Pilate."
(3) Suetonius also, in his account of Claudius, speaks of the Jews as expelled from Rome for the raising of tumults at the instigation of one "Chrestus" (impulsore Chresto), plainly a mistake for "Christus." The incident is doubtless that referred to in Acts 18:2. 4. The Gospels:
The four Gospels, then, with their rich contents, remain as our primary sources for the knowledge of the earthly life of Jesus.
(1) The Synoptics.
It may be taken for granted as the result of the best criticism that the first three Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) all fall well within the apostolic age (compare Harnack, Altchr. Lit., Pref; see GOSPELS). The favorite theory at present of the relations of these Gospels is, that Mark is an independent Gospel, resting on the teaching of Peter; that Matthew and Luke have as sources the Gospel of Mark and a collection of discourses, probably attributable to the apostle Matthew (now commonly called Q); and that Luke has a third, well-authenticated source (Luke 1:1-4) peculiar to himself. The present writer is disposed to allow more independence to the evangelists in the embodying of a tradition common to all; in any case, the sources named are of unexceptionable authority, and furnish a strong guaranty for the reliability of the narratives. The supreme guaranty of their trustworthiness, however, is found in the narratives themselves; for who in that (or any) age could imagine a figure so unique and perfect as that of Jesus, or invent the incomparable sayings and parables that proceeded from His lips? Much of Christ's teaching is high as heaven above the minds of men still.
(2) The Fourth Gospel.
The Fourth Gospel stands apart from the Synoptics in dealing mainly with another set of incidents (the Jerusalem ministry), and discourses of a more private and intimate kind than those belonging to the Galilean teaching. Its aim, too, is doctrinal-to show that Jesus is "the Son of God," and its style and mode of conception are very different from those of the Synoptic Gospels. Its contents touch their narratives in only a few points (as in John 6:4-21). Where they do, the resemblance is manifest. It is obvious that the reminiscences which the Gospel contains have been long brooded over by the apostle, and that a certain interpretative element blends with his narration of incidents and discourses. This, however, does not warrant us in throwing doubt, with so many, on the genuineness of the Gospel, for which the external evidence is exceptionally strong (compare Sanday, The Criticism of the Fourth Gospel; Drummond, Character and Authorship of the Fourth Gospel; and see JOHN, GOSPEL OF). The Gospel is accepted here as a genuine record of the sayings and doings of Jesus which it narrates.
II. The Preparation.
1. Both Gentile and Jewish:
In the Gospels and throughout the New Testament Jesus appears as the goal of Old Testament revelation, and the point to which all providential developments tended. He came, Paul says, in "the fullness of the time" (Galatians 4:4). It has often been shown how, politically, intellectually, morally, everything in the Greco-Roman world was ready for such a universal religion as Jesus brought into it (compare Baur's Hist of the Church in the First Three Cents., English translation, chapter i). The preparation in Israel is seen alike in God's revelations to, and dealings with, the chosen people in the patriarchal, Mosaic, monarchical and prophetic periods, and in the developments of the Jewish mind in the centuries immediately before Christ.
2. Old Testament Preparation:
As special lines in the Old Testament preparation may be noted the ideas of the Messianic king, a ruler of David's house, whose reign would be righteous, perpetual, universal (compare Isaiah 7:13-9:7; Isaiah 32:1, 2 Jeremiah 33:15, 16 Psalm 2:1-10, etc.); of a Righteous Sufferer (Psalm 22, etc.), whose sufferings are in Isaiah 53 declared to have an expiatory and redeeming character; and of a Messianic kingdom, which, breaking the bounds of nationalism, would extend through the whole earth and embrace all peoples (compare Isaiah 60 Psalm 87 Daniel 2:44; Daniel 7:27, etc.). The kingdom, at the same time, is now conceived of under a more spiritual aspect. Its chief blessings are forgiveness and righteousness.
3. Post-exilian Preparation:
The age succeeding the return from exile witnessed a manifold preparation for the advent of Christ. Here may be observed the decentralization of the Jewish religious ideals through the rise of synagogue worship and the widespread dispersion of the race; the contact with Hellenic culture (as in Philo); but especially the marked sharpening of Messianic expectations. Some of these were of a crude apocalyptic character (see APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE; ESCHATOLOGY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT); many were political and revolutionary; but some were of a purer and more spiritual kind (compare Luke 2:25, 38). To these purer elements Jesus attached Himself in His preaching of the kingdom and of Himself as its Lord. Even in the Gentileworld, it is told, there was an expectation of a great One who about this time would come from Judea (Tacitus, History v0.13; Suet. Vespas. 4).
III. The Outward Situation.
1. The Land:
Of all lands Palestine was the most fitted to be the scene of the culminating revelation of God's grace in the person and work of Jesus Christ, as before it was fitted to be the abode of the people chosen to receive and preserve the revelations that prepared the way for that final manifestation. At once central and secluded-at the junction of the three great continents of the Old World, Asia, Africa and Europe-the highway of nations in war and commerce-touching mighty powers on every hand, Egypt, Syria, Assyria, kingdoms of Asia Minor, as formerly more ancient empires, Hittite and Babylonian, now in contact with Greece and Rome, yet singularly enclosed by mountain, desert, Jordan gorge, and Great Sea, from ready entrance of foreign influences, Palestine has a place of its own in the history of revelation, which only a Divine wisdom can have given it (compare Stanley, Sinai and Palestine, Part II, chapter ii; G.A. Smith, Hist. Geog. of the Holy Land, Book I, chapters i, ii; Lange, Life of Christ, I, 246;).
Palestine, in the Roman period, was divided into four well-defined provinces or districts-Judaea, with Jerusalem as its center, in the South, the strong-hold of Jewish conservatism; Samaria, in the middle, peopled from Assyrian times by mixed settlers (2 Kings 17:24-34), preponderatingly heathen in origin, yet now professing the Jewish religion, claiming Jewish descent (compare John 4:12), possessing a copy of the law (Sam Pentateuch), and a temple of their own at Gerizim (the original temple, built by Manasseh, circa 409 B.C., was destroyed by John Hyrcanus, 109 B.C.); Galilee-"Galilee of the Gentiles" (Matthew 4:15; compare Isaiah 9:1)-in the North, the chief scene of Christ's ministry, freer and more cosmopolitan in spirit, through a large infusion of Gentile population, and contact with traders, etc., of varied nationalities: these in Western Palestine, while on the East, "beyond Jordan," was Peraea, divided up into Peraea proper, Batanea, Gaulonitis, Ituraea, Trachonitis, Decapolis, etc. (compare Matthew 4:25; Matthew 19:1 Luke 3:1). The feeling of bitterness between Jews and Samaritans was intense (John 4:9). The language of the people throughout was ARAMAIC (which see), but a knowledge of the Greek tongue was widely diffused, especially in the North, where intercourse with Greek-speaking peoples was habitual (the New Testament writings are in Greek). Jesus doubtless used the native dialect in His ordinary teaching, but it is highly probable that He also knew Greek, and was acquainted with Old Testament Scriptures in that language (the Septuagint). In this case He may have sometimes used it in His preaching (compare Roberts, Discussions on the Gospels).
2. Political Situation:
The miserable story of the vicissitudes of the Jewish people in the century succeeding the great persecution of Antiochus Epiphanes and the Maccabean revolt-a story made up of faction, intrigue, wars, murders, massacres, of growing degeneracy of rulers and nation, of repeated sackings of Jerusalem and terrible slaughters-till Herod, the Idumean, misnamed "the Great," ascended the throne by favor of the Romans (37 B.C.), must be read in the books relating to the period (Ewald, History of Israel, V; Milman, Hist of Jews; Schurer, History of the Jewish People in Time of Christ, Div I, Vol I; Stanley, Jewish Church, III, etc.). Rome's power, first invited by Judas Maccabeus (161 B.C.), was finally established by Pompey's capture of Jerusalem (63 B.C.). Herod's way to the throne was tracked by crime and bloodshed, and murder of those most nearly related to him marked every step in his advance. His taste for splendid buildings-palace, temple (Matthew 24:1 John 2:20), fortresses, cities (Sebaste, Caesarea, etc.)-and lavish magnificence of his royal estate and administration, could not conceal the hideousness of his crafty, unscrupulous selfishness, his cold-blooded cruelty, his tyrannous oppression of his subjects. "Better be Herod's hog (hus) than his son (huios)," was the comment of Augustus, when he heard of the dying king's unnatural doings.
Changes in Territory.
At the time of Christ's birth, the whole of Palestine was united under Herod's rule, but on Herod's death, after a long reign of 37 (or, counting from his actual accession, 34) years, his dominions were, in accordance with his will, confirmed by Rome, divided. Judea and Samaria (a few towns excepted) fell to his son Archelaus (Matthew 2:22), with the title of "ethnarch"; Galilee and Perea were given to Herod Antipas, another son, with the title of "tetrarch" (Matthew 14:1 Luke 3:1, 19; Luke 23:7 Acts 13:1); Herod Philip, a third son, received Iturea, Trachonitis, and other parts of the northern trans-Jordanic territory, likewise as "tetrarch" (Luke 3:1; compare Matthew 14:3 Mark 6:17). A few years later, the tyranny of Archelaus provoked an appeal of his subjects to Augustus, and Archelaus, summoned to Rome, was banished to Gaul (7 A.D.). Thereafter Judea, with Samaria, was governed by a Roman procurator, under the oversight of the prefect of Syria.
3. The Religious Sects:
In the religious situation the chief fact of interest is the place occupied and prominent part played by the religious sects-the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and (though unmentioned in the Gospels, these had an important influence on the early history of the church) the Essenes. The rise and characteristics of these sects can here only be alluded to (see special articles).
(1) The Scribes.
From the days of Ezra zealous attention had been given to the study of the law, and an order of men had arisen-the "scribes"-whose special business it was to guard, develop and expound the law. Through their labors, scrupulous observance of the law, and, with it, of the innumerable regulations intended to preserve the law, and apply it in detail to conduct (the so-called "tradition of the elders," Matthew 15:2 ff;), became the ideal of righteousness. The sects first appear in the Maccabean age. The Maccabean conflict reveals the existence of a party known as the "Assidaeans" (Hebrew chacidhim), or "pious" ones, opposed to the lax Hellenizing tendencies of the times, and staunch observers of the law. These in the beginning gave brave support to Judas Maccabeus, and doubtless then embraced the best elements of the nation.
(2) The Pharisees.
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Smith's Bible DictionaryJesus Christ
"The life and character of Jesus Christ," says Dr. Schaff, "is the holy of holies in the history of the world."
- NAME. --The name Jesus signifies saviour . It is the Greek form of JEHOSHUA (Joshua). The name Christ signifies anointed. Jesus was both priest and king. Among the Jews priests were anointed, as their inauguration to their office. (1 Chronicles 16:22) In the New Testament the name Christ is used as equivalent to the Hebrew Messiah (anointed), (John 1:41) the name given to the long-promised Prophet and King whom the Jews had been taught by their prophets to expect. (Matthew 11:3; Acts 19:4) The use of this name, as applied to the Lord, has always a reference to the promises of the prophets. The name of Jesus is the proper name of our Lord, and that of Christ is added to identify him with the promised Messiah. Other names are sometimes added to the names Jesus Christ, thus, "Lord," "a king," "King of Israel," "Emmanuel," "Son of David," "chosen of God." II. BIRTH. --Jesus Christ was born of the Virgin Mary, God being his father, at Bethlehem of Judea, six miles south of Jerusalem. The date of his birth was most probably in December, B.C. 5, four years before the era from which we count our years. That era was not used till several hundred years after Christ. The calculations were made by a learned monk, Dionysius Exiguus, in the sixth century, who made an error of four years; so that to get the exact date from the birth of Christ we must add four years to our usual dates; i.e. A.D. 1882 is really 1886 years since the birth of Christ. It is also more than likely that our usual date for Christmas, December 25, is not far from the real date of Christ's birth. Since the 25th of December comes when the longest night gives way to the returning sun on his triumphant march, it makes an appropriate anniversary to make the birth of him who appeared in the darkest night of error and sin as the true Light of the world. At the time of Christ's birth Augustus Caesar was emperor of Rome, and Herod the Great king of Judea, but subject of Rome. God's providence had prepared the world for the coming of Christ, and this was the fittest time in all its history.
- All the world was subject to one government, so that the apostles could travel everywhere: the door of every land was open for the gospel.
- The world was at peace, so that the gospel could have free course.
- The Greek language was spoken everywhere with their other languages.
- The Jews were scattered everywhere with synagogues and Bibles. III. EARLY LIFE. --Jesus, having a manger at Bethlehem for his cradle, received a visit of adoration from the three wise men of the East. At forty days old he was taken to the temple at Jerusalem; and returning to Bethlehem, was soon taken to Egypt to escape Herod's massacre of the infants there. After a few months stay there, Herod having died in April, B.C. 4, the family returned to their Nazareth home, where Jesus lived till he was about thirty years old, subject to his parent, and increasing "in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man." The only incident recorded of his early life is his going up to Jerusalem to attend the passover when he was twelve years old, and his conversation with the learned men in the temple. But we can understand the childhood and youth of Jesus better when we remember the surrounding influences amid which he grew.
- The natural scenery was rugged and mountainous, but full of beauty. He breathed the pure air. He lived in a village, not in a city.
- The Roman dominion was irksome and galling. The people of God were subject to a foreign yoke. The taxes were heavy. Roman soldiers, laws, money, every reminded them of their subjection, when they ought to be free and themselves the rulers of the world. When Jesus was ten years old, there was a great insurrection, (Acts 5:37) in Galilee. He who was to be King of the Jews heard and felt all this.
- The Jewish hopes of a Redeemer, of throwing off their bondage, of becoming the glorious nation promised in the prophet, were in the very air he breathed. The conversation at home and in the streets was full of them.
- Within his view, and his boyish excursions, were many remarkable historic places, --rivers, hills, cities, plains, --that would keep in mind the history of his people and God's dealings with them.
- His school training. Mr. Deutsch, in the Quarterly Review, says, "Eighty years before Christ, schools flourished throughout the length and the breadth of the land: education had been made compulsory. While there is not a single term for 'school? to be found before the captivity, there were by that time about a dozen in common usage. Here are a few of the innumerable popular sayings of the period: Jerusalem was destroyed because the instruction of the young was neglected.? The world is only saved by the breath of the school-children.? Even for the rebuilding of the temple the schools must not be interrupted."
- His home training. According to Ellicott, the stages of Jewish childhood were marked as follows: "At three the boy was weaned, and word for the first time the fringed or tasselled garment prescribed by (Numbers 15:38-41) and Deuteronomy 22:12 His education began at first under the mother's care. At five he was to learn the law, at first by extracts written on scrolls of the more important passages, the Shema or creed of (2:4) the Hallel or festival psalms, Psal 114, 118, 136, and by catechetical teaching in school. At twelve he became more directly responsible for his obedience of the law; and on the day when he attained the age of thirteen, put on for the first time the phylacteries which were worn at the recital of his daily prayer." In addition to this, Jesus no doubt learned the carpenter's trade of his reputed father Joseph, and, as Joseph probably died before Jesus began his public ministry, he may have contributed to the support of his mother. (IV. PUBLIC MINISTRY. --All the leading events recorded of Jesus' life are given at the end of this volume in the Chronological Chart and in the Chronological Table of the life of Christ; so that here will be given only a general survey. Jesus began to enter upon his ministry when he was "about thirty years old;" that is, he was not very far from thirty, older or younger. He is regarded as nearly thirty-one by Andrews (in the tables of chronology referred to above) and by most others. Having been baptized by John early in the winter of 26-27, he spent the larger portion of his year in Judea and about the lower Jordan, till in December he went northward to Galilee through Samaria. The next year and a half, from December, A.D. 27, to October or November, A.D. 29, was spent in Galilee and norther Palestine, chiefly in the vicinity of the Sea of Galilee. In November, 29, Jesus made his final departure from Galilee, and the rest of his ministry was in Judea and Perea, beyond Jordan, till his crucifixion, April 7, A.D. 30. After three days he proved his divinity by rising from the dead; and after appearing on eleven different occasions to his disciples during forty days, he finally ascended to heaven, where he is the living, ever present, all-powerful Saviour of his people. Jesus Christ, being both human and divine, is fitted to be the true Saviour of men. In this, as in every action and character, he is shown to be "the wisdom and power of God unto salvation." As human, he reaches down to our natures, sympathizes with us, shows us that God knows all our feelings and weaknesses and sorrows and sins, brings God near to us, who otherwise could not realize the Infinite and Eternal as a father and friend. He is divine, in order that he may be an all-powerful, all-loving Saviour, able and willing to defend us from every enemy, to subdue all temptations, to deliver from all sin, and to bring each of his people, and the whole Church, into complete and final victory. Jesus Christ is the centre of the world's history, as he is the centre of the Bible. --ED.)
ATS Bible DictionaryJesus Christ
The Son of God, the Messiah and Savior of the World, the first and principal object of the prophecies; who was prefigured and promised in the Old Testament; was expected and desired by the patriarchs; the hope and salvation of the Gentiles; the glory, happiness, and consolation of Christians. The name JESUS, in Hebrew JEHOSHUAH or Joshua, signifies Savior, or Jehovah saves. No one ever bore this name with so much justice, nor so perfectly fulfilled the signification of it, as Jesus Christ, who saves from sin and hell, and has merited heaven for us by the price of his blood. It was given to him by divine appointment, Matthew 1:21, as the proper name for the Savior so long desired, and whom all the myriads of the redeemed in heaven will for ever adore as their only and all-glorious Redeemer.
JESUS was the common name of the Savior; while the name CHRIST, meaning the Anointed One, The Messiah, was his official name. Both names are used separately, in the gospels and also in the epistles; but JESUS generally stands by itself in the gospels, which are narratives of his life; while in the epistles, which treat of his divine nature and of his redeeming work, he is called CHRIST, CHRIST JESUS, or THE LORD JESUS CHRIST. See CHRIST.
Here, under the Redeemer's human name, belong the facts relating to his human nature and the history of his life upon earth. His true and complete humanity, having the soul as well as the body of man, is everywhere seen in the gospel history. He who is "God over all, blessed forever," was an Israelite "as concerning the flesh," Romans 9:5, and took upon him our whole nature, in order to be a perfect Savior. As a man, Jesus was the King of men. No words can describe that character in which such firmness and gentleness, such dignity and humility, such enthusiasm and calmness, such wisdom and simplicity, such holiness and charity, such justice and mercy, such sympathy with heaven and with earth, such love to God and love to man blended in perfect harmony. Nothing in it was redundant, and nothing was wanting. The world had never produced, nor even conceived of such a character, and its portraiture in the gospels is a proof of their divine origin, which the infidel cannot gainsay. Could the whole human race, of all ages, kindreds, and tongues, be assembled to see the crucified Redeemer as he is, and compare earth's noblest benefactors with Him, there would be but one voice among them. Every crown of glory and every meed of praise would be given to Him who alone is worthy-for perfection of character, for love to mankind, for sacrifices endured, and for benefits bestowed. His glory will forever be celebrated as the Friend of man; the Lamb sacrificed for us.
The visit of JESUS CHRIST to the earth has made it forever glorious above less favored worlds, and forms the most signal event in its annals. The time of his birth is commemorated by the Christian era, the first year of which corresponds to about the year 753 from the building of Rome. It is generally conceded, however, that the Savior was born at least four years before A. D. 1, and four thousand years after the creation of Adam. His public ministry commenced when he was thirty years of age; and continued, according to the received opinion, three and a half years. Respecting his ancestors, see GENEALOGY.
The life of the Redeemer must be studied in the four gospels, where it was recorded under the guidance of supreme wisdom. Many efforts have been made, with valuable results, to arrange the narrations of the evangelists in the true order of time. But as neither of the gospels follows the exact course of events, many incidents are very indeterminate, and are variously arranged by different harmonists. No one, however, has been more successful than Dr. Robinson in his valuable "Harmony of the Gospels".
The divine wisdom is conspicuous not only in what is taught us respecting the life of Jesus, but in what is withheld. Curiosity, and the higher motives of warm affection, raise numerous questions to which the gospels give no reply; and in proportion as men resort to dubious traditions, they lose the power of a pure and spiritual gospel. See further, concerning Christ, MESSIAH, REDEEMER, etc.
Jesus was not an uncommon name among the Jews. It was the name of the father of Elymas the sorcerer, Acts 13:6; and of Justus, a fellow-laborer and friend of Paul, Colossians 4:11. It is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua, or Jeshua, borne by the high priest in Ezra's time, and by the well-known leader of the Jews in to the Promised Land. See also 1 Samuel 6:14 2 Kings 23:8. The Greek form of the word, Jesus, is twice used in the New Testament when Joshua the son of Nun is intended, Acts 7:45 Hebrews 4:8.
Topical Bible VersesRevelation 17:14
These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.Topicalbible.org
For in him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.
I and my Father are one.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man comes to the Father, but by me.
I said therefore to you, that you shall die in your sins: for if you believe not that I am he, you shall die in your sins.
For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
1 Timothy 2:5
For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
Then Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Irony: Jesus to the Pharisees
Jesus As a Friend
Jesus Being God
Jesus Being Humble
Jesus Being Our First Love
Jesus Coming Back
Jesus did not Have a Sin Nature
Jesus is Our Husband
Jesus of Nazareth
Jesus Rejected at Nazareth
Jesus Ruling in Jerusalem
Jesus Second Coming
Jesus Teenage Years
Jesus the Son of Sirach
Jesus, the Christ by Matthew
Jesus, the Christ by Nathanael
Jesus, the Christ by Peter and Other Disciples
Jesus, the Christ by Philip
Jesus, the Christ by the Ethiopian Eunuch
Jesus, the Christ by Three Thousand People on the Day of Pentecost
Jesus, the Christ by Zacchaeus
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name"
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Faith
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Forgiveness of Sins
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Immersion
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Life
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Miracles Performed
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Prayer
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Preaching
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Salvation
Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": To be Confessed
Jesus, the Christ: Accuses Judas of his Betrayal (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: An Angel Appears to Joseph Concerning Mary (At Nazareth)
Jesus, the Christ: Angels Appear to the Shepherds (In the Vicinity of Bethlehem)
Jesus, the Christ: Anointed by a Sinful Woman (At Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Anointed With Precious Ointment (In Bethany)
Jesus, the Christ: Answers a Biblical Expert
Jesus, the Christ: Appears in the Midst of the Disciples, when Thomas Was Absent (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Appears to his Disciples at Lake Galilee
Jesus, the Christ: Appears to his Disciples, when Thomas Was Present (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Appears to James and Also to all the Apostles (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Appears to Paul (On the Road to Damascus)
Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostle John (On Patmos Island)
Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostles and More than Five-Hundred Followers on a Mountain in Galilee
Jesus, the Christ: Appears to Two Disciples Who Journey to the Village of Emmaus
Jesus, the Christ: Arises from the Dead (Just Outside Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Arraigned Before Herod Antipas (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Ascends to Heaven (Near Bethany)
Jesus, the Christ: Ascension of
Jesus, the Christ: Birth of (At Bethlehem)
Jesus, the Christ: Blesses Little Children (In Peraea)
Jesus, the Christ: Calls Matthew (Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Cautions his Disciples Against, the Leaven of Hypocrisy
Jesus, the Christ: Chooses Peter, Andrew, James, and John As Disciples
Jesus, the Christ: Circumcision of (At Bethlehem)
Jesus, the Christ: Commissions the Seventy Disciples (In Samaria)
Jesus, the Christ: Compassion of
Jesus, the Christ: Creator
Jesus, the Christ: Crosses Lake Galilee and Quiets the Squall
Jesus, the Christ: Crucified (Just Outside Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Death of
Jesus, the Christ: Death of, Voluntary
Jesus, the Christ: Defines the Law of the Sabbath on the Occasion of his Disciples Plucking the Ears of Grain
Jesus, the Christ: Delivers the "Sermon on the Mount" (In Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Denounces the Pharisees and Other Hypocrites (In Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Design of his Death
Jesus, the Christ: Dines With a Pharisee on the Sabbath (In Peraea)
Jesus, the Christ: Disciples Adhere To
Jesus, the Christ: Discourses to his Disciples (In Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Discussions With the Religious Experts in the Temple Area (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Acknowledged by Old Testament Saints
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Creator of all Things
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Jehovah
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Sending the Spirit Equally With the Father
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As the Eternal God and Creator
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Unsearchable Equally With the Father
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Emmanuel
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of God Over All
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of God the Judge
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of His Blood is Called the Blood of God
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Invoked As Jehovah
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah Above All
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah of Glory
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah of Hosts
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah Our Righteousness
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah the First and the Last
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah the Messenger of the Covenant
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah the Shepherd
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah, for Whose Glory all Things Were Created
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah's Fellow and Equal
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of King of Kings and Lord of Lords
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Lord of All
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Lord of the Sabbath
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of One With the Father
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Son of God
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Supporter and Preserver of all Things
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Great God and Saviour
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Holy One
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Lord from Heaven
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Mighty God
Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The One and Only Son of the Father
Jesus, the Christ: Drives the Money Changers out of the Temple (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Drives the Money-Changers from the Temple (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Eats With Tax Collectors and Sinners, and Discourses on Fasting (Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Enters the Temple (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parable of the Pounds (In Jericho)
Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus (In Peraea)
Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parable of the Vineyard (In Peraea)
Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parables of the Lost Sheep, of the Lost Piece of Silver, of the Prodigal Son
Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parables of the Ten Virgins and of the Talents
Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parables of the Unjust Judge
Jesus, the Christ: Escapes to the Town of Ephraim from the Conspiracy Led by Caiaphas, the High Priest
Jesus, the Christ: Eternity of
Jesus, the Christ: Exaltation of
Jesus, the Christ: Example, An
Jesus, the Christ: Exposes the Hypocrisies of the Scribes and Pharisees (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Feeds More than Four-Thousand People
Jesus, the Christ: Flight Into and Return from Egypt
Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his Betrayal (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his own Death and Resurrection (In Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his own Death and Resurrection (In Peraea)
Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his own Death and Resurrection (Near Caesarea Philippi)
Jesus, the Christ: Foretells the Destruction of the Temple, and of Jerusalem (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Foretells the Scenes of the Day of Judgment (On the Mount of Olives)
Jesus, the Christ: Genealogy of
Jesus, the Christ: Goes to Bethabara to Escape Violence from the Rulers (East of the Jordan River)
Jesus, the Christ: Goes to Bethany Six Days Before the Passover
Jesus, the Christ: Goes up Onto a Mountain, and Calls and Commissions Twelve Disciples (In Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: He Justifies his Disciples in Eating Without Washing Their Hands (At Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Blind Man (At Bethsaida)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Blind Man, Who, Because of his Faith in Jesus, Was Excommunicated
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Deaf Man (In the Decapolis Region)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Demoniac (At Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Demoniac (Near Caesarea Philippi)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Demoniac, and Denounces the Scribes and Pharisees (In Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Leper (In Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Man Having a Withered Hand (At Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Nobleman's Son of Capernaum (At Cana of Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Paralyzed Man (At Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals an Immobile Man at the Pool of Bethesda on the Sabbath Day
Jesus, the Christ: Heals Peter's Mother-In-Law (At Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals Ten Lepers (Near the Border Between Samaria and Galilee)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals the Daughter of the Syro-Phoenician Woman (Near Tyre and Sidon)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals the Servant of the Centurion (Near Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals the Sick People in the Temple Courtyard (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals Two Blind Men (At Jericho)
Jesus, the Christ: Heals Two Blind Men and Casts out an Evil Spirit from a Mute Boy (At Capernaum)
Jesus, the Christ: Hears the Report of the Seventy Disciples (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Herod (Antipas) Falsely Supposes Him to be John, Whom he had Beheaded
Jesus, the Christ: His Disciples Immerse some of the People (At Aenon)
Jesus, the Christ: His Last Passover Meal and his Establishment of the Lord's Supper (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: History of
Jesus, the Christ: Holiness of
Jesus, the Christ: Humanity of
Jesus, the Christ: Humility of
Jesus, the Christ: Incarnation of
Jesus, the Christ: Instructs his Disciples and Empowers Them to Heal Diseases and Cast out Unclean Spirits
Jesus, the Christ: Interprets the Law Concerning Marriage and Divorce (In Peraea)
Jesus, the Christ: Is Betrayed and Apprehended (In the Garden of Gethsemane)
Jesus, the Christ: Is Immersed by John in the Jordan River
Jesus, the Christ: Is Led Away to be Crucified (From Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Is Presented in the Temple (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Is Rejected by the People of Nazareth; Lives at Capernaum
Jesus, the Christ: Is Seen by Peter (Near Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Is Transfigured
Jesus, the Christ: John's Testimony Concerning Him
Jesus, the Christ: Journeys to Jerusalem to Attend the Feast of Tabernacles, Passing Through Samaria
Jesus, the Christ: Journeys Toward Jerusalem to Attend the Passover
Jesus, the Christ: Judge
Jesus, the Christ: Justice of
Jesus, the Christ: King
Jesus, the Christ: Kingdom of Its Nature
Jesus, the Christ: Laments Over Jerusalem (Just Outside Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Led by the Council to Pilate (In Jerusalem)
Jesus, the Christ: Listens to the Mother of James and John in Behalf of Her Sons (In Peraea)
Jesus, the Christ: Love of
Jesus, the Christ: Magi (The Wise Men from the East) Visit (At Bethlehem)
Jesus, the Christ: Mary Visits Elisabeth (At Hebron?)
Jesus, the Christ: Mary's Magnificat (At Hebron?)
Jesus, the Christ: Mediation of by Aaron
Jesus, the Christ: Mediation of by Moses
Jesus, the Christ: Meekness of
Jesus, the Christ: Messiah: Messianic Psalms
Jesus, the Christ: Miracle at Cana of Galilee
Jesus, the Christ: Miracle of the Swine (In Gadara)
Jesus, the Christ: Miracle of the Temple Tax Money in the Fish's Mouth
Jesus, the Christ: Miracles of a Demon Cast out and a Deaf Man Cured
Jesus, the Christ: Miracles of Cleanses the Leper