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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaGARDEN
gar'-d'-n (gan, gannah, ginnah; kepos): The Arabic jannah (diminutive, jannainah), like the Hebrew gannah, literally, "a covered or hidden place," denotes in the mind of the dweller in the East something more than the ordinary garden. Gardens in Biblical times, such as are frequently referred to in Semitic literature, were usually walled enclosures, as the name indicates (Lamentations 2:6 the American Revised Version, margin), in which there were paths winding in and out among shade and fruit trees, canals of running water, fountains, sweet-smelling herbs, aromatic blossoms and convenient arbors in which to sit and enjoy the effect. These gardens are mentioned in Genesis 2 and Genesis 3; Genesis 13:10; Songs 4:12-16 Ecclesiastes 2:5, 6 Ezekiel 28:13; Ezekiel 31:8, 9; 36:35 Joel 2:3. Ancient Babylonian, Assyrian and Egyptian records show the fondness of the rulers of these countries for gardens laid out on a grand scale and planted with the rarest trees and plants. The drawings made by the ancients of their gardens leave no doubt about their general features and their correspondence with Biblical gardens. The Persian word pardec (paradeisos) appears in the later Hebrew writings to denote more extensive gardens or parks. It is translated "orchards" in Ecclesiastes 2:5 the King James Version; Songs 4:13.
GARDEN, THE KING'S
Mention is made of "the king's garden" in 2 Kings 25:4 Jeremiah 39:4; Jeremiah 52:7 (fundamentally the same passage), in connection with the flight of Zedekiah from Jerusalem; and again in Nehemiah 3:15. The last passage shows that the "garden" was at the pool of Siloah (the Revised Version (British and American) "Shelah"), at the mouth of Tyropeon, near the "fountain gate." This would seem to be "the gate between the two walls which was by the king's garden" of the passages in 2 Kings and Jeremiah (compare 2 Chronicles 32:5). On the topography, see JERUSALEM; also Robinson, Palestine, II, 142. Arnold (in Herzog) thinks the garden is probably identical with "the garden of Uzza" of 2 Kings 21:18, 26.
gan-ha-melekh): In Nehemiah 3:15, mention is made of "the pool of Shelah by the king's garden"; in 2 Kings 25:4 Jeremiah 52:7, "All the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden"; see also Jeremiah 39:4. The "king's winepresses" (Zechariah 14:10), which must have been to the extreme South of the city, were clearly in this neighborhood. The references all point to the one situation in Jerusalem where it is possible for gardens to flourish all the year round, namely, the part of the Kidron valley below the Tyropoeon which is watered by the overflow from the Pool of Siloam (see SILOAM). Here the vegetable gardens of the peasants of Siloam present an aspect of green freshness unknown elsewhere in Jerusalem.
Greek2779. kepos -- a garden
... a garden. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: kepos Phonetic Spelling:
(kay'-pos) Short Definition: a garden Definition: a garden, any place ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2779.htm - 6k
3001. lachanon -- a garden herb, a vegetable
4237. prasia -- a garden bed
3857. paradeisos -- a park, a garden, a paradise
2780. kepouros -- a gardener
1068. Gethsemani -- Gethsemane, an olive orchard on the Mt. of ...
5528. chortos -- a feeding place, food, grass
Strong's Hebrew3759. karmel -- a plantation, garden land, fruit, garden growth
... 3758, 3759. karmel. 3760 . a plantation, garden land, fruit, garden growth.
Transliteration: karmel Phonetic Spelling: (kar-mel') Short Definition: field. ...
/hebrew/3759.htm - 6k
1588. gan -- an enclosure, garden
1593. gannah -- a garden
1594. ginnah -- garden
6170. arugah -- a garden terrace or bed
5873. En Gannim -- "spring of a garden," two places in Isr.
5731. Eden -- the garden home of Adam and Eve
4302. matta -- place or act of planting, a plantation
4750. miqshah -- field of cucumbers
1530. gal -- a heap, wave, billow
The Grave in a Garden
In the Garden of Gethsemane
In the Garden of God
The Cloister Garden
In the Garden of God
The Sluggard's Garden
Passion Week in the Garden.
The Christ in the Garden
Smith's Bible DictionaryGarden
Gardens in the East, as the Hebrew word indicates, are enclosures on the outskirts of towns, planted with various trees and shrubs. From the allusions in the Bible we learn that they were surrounded by hedges of thorn, (Isaiah 5:5) or walls of stone. (Proverbs 24:31) For further protection lodges, (Isaiah 1:8; Lamentations 2:6) or watchtowers, (Mark 12:1) were built in them, in which sat the keeper, (Job 27:18) to drive away the wild beasts and robbers, as is the case to this day. The gardens of the Hebrews were planted with flowers and aromatic shrubs, (Solomon 6:2; 4:16) besides olives, fig trees, nuts or walnuts, (Solomon 6:12) pomegranates, and others for domestic use. (Exodus 23:11; Jeremiah 29:5; Amos 9:14) Gardens of herbs, or kitchen gardens, are mentioned in (11:10) and 1Kin 21:2 The rose garden in Jerusalem, said to have been situated westward of the temple mount, it is remarkable as having been one of the few gardens which, from the time of the prophets, existed within the city walls. The retirement of gardens rendered them favorite places for devotion.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers, or vegetables.
2. (n.) A rich, well-cultivated spot or tract of country.
3. (v. i.) To lay out or cultivate a garden; to labor in a garden; to practice horticulture.
ThesaurusGarden (68 Occurrences)
... 3. (vi) To lay out or cultivate a garden; to labor in a garden; to practice
horticulture. 4. (vt) To cultivate as a garden. Int. ...GARDEN. ...
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Vine-garden (43 Occurrences)
Garden-house (1 Occurrence)
Palace-garden (1 Occurrence)
Cucumber-garden (1 Occurrence)
King's (375 Occurrences)
Uzza (10 Occurrences)
Elohim (38 Occurrences)
Gardens (14 Occurrences)
Workmen (52 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceGarden (68 Occurrences)
Matthew 13:32 which indeed is smaller than all seeds. But when it is grown, it is greater than the herbs, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in its branches."
Mark 4:32 yet when it is sown, grows up, and becomes greater than all the herbs, and puts out great branches, so that the birds of the sky can lodge under its shadow."
Mark 12:2 And when the time came, he sent a servant to get from the workmen some of the fruit of the garden.
Mark 12:8 And they took him and put him to death, pushing his body out of the garden.
Mark 12:9 What then will the master of the garden do? He will come and put the workmen to death, and will give the garden into the hands of others.
Luke 11:42 "But alas for you Pharisees! for you pay tithes on your mint and rue and every kind of garden vegetable, and are indifferent to justice and the love of God. These are the things you ought to have attended to, while not neglecting the others.
Luke 13:6 And He gave them the following parable. "A man," He said, "who had a fig-tree growing in his garden came to look for fruit on it and could find none.
Luke 13:19 It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and put in his own garden. It grew, and became a large tree, and the birds of the sky lodged in its branches."
Luke 20:13 And the lord of the garden said, What am I to do? I will send my dearly loved son; they may give respect to him.
Luke 20:15 And driving him out of the garden they put him to death. Now what will the lord do to these workmen?
Luke 20:16 He will come and put them to destruction and give the garden to others. And when he said this, they said, May it not be so.
John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered.
John 18:26 One of the servants of the high priest, being a relative of him whose ear Peter had cut off, said, "Didn't I see you in the garden with him?"
John 19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden. In the garden was a new tomb in which no man had ever yet been laid.
Genesis 2:8 Yahweh God planted a garden eastward, in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Genesis 2:9 Out of the ground Yahweh God made every tree to grow that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the middle of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Genesis 2:10 A river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became four heads.
Genesis 2:15 Yahweh God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
Genesis 2:16 Yahweh God commanded the man, saying, "Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat;
Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any animal of the field which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, "Has God really said,'You shall not eat of any tree of the garden?'"
Genesis 3:2 The woman said to the serpent, "Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat,
Genesis 3:3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said,'You shall not eat of it, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.'"
Genesis 3:8 They heard the voice of Yahweh God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden.
Genesis 3:10 The man said, "I heard your voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself."
Genesis 3:23 Therefore Yahweh God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken.
Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed Cherubs at the east of the garden of Eden, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.
Genesis 13:10 Lot lifted up his eyes, and saw all the plain of the Jordan, that it was well-watered everywhere, before Yahweh destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, like the garden of Yahweh, like the land of Egypt, as you go to Zoar.
Deuteronomy 11:10 For the land, where you go in to possess it, isn't as the land of Egypt, from whence you came out, where you sowed your seed, and watered it with your foot, as a garden of herbs;
Deuteronomy 32:2 My teaching is dropping like rain, coming down like dew on the fields; like rain on the young grass and showers on the garden plants:
2 Samuel 17:18 But a boy saw them, and gave word of it to Absalom: so the two of them went away quickly, and came to the house of a man in Bahurim who had a water-hole in his garden, and they went down into it.
1 Kings 21:2 Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, "Give me your vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near to my house; and I will give you for it a better vineyard than it. Or, if it seems good to you, I will give you its worth in money."
2 Kings 4:42 Now a man came from Baal-shalishah with an offering of first-fruits for the man of God, twenty barley cakes and garden fruit in his bag. And he said, Give these to the people for food.
2 Kings 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. Jehu followed after him, and said, "Strike him also in the chariot!" They struck him at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. He fled to Megiddo, and died there.
2 Kings 21:18 Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and Amon his son reigned in his place.
2 Kings 21:26 He was buried in his tomb in the garden of Uzza: and Josiah his son reigned in his place.
2 Kings 25:4 Then a breach was made in the city, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden (now the Chaldeans were against the city around it); and the king went by the way of the Arabah.
Nehemiah 3:15 The spring gate repaired Shallun the son of Colhozeh, the ruler of the district of Mizpah; he built it, and covered it, and set up its doors, its bolts, and its bars, and the wall of the pool of Shelah by the king's garden, even to the stairs that go down from the city of David.
Esther 1:5 When these days were fulfilled, the king made a seven day feast for all the people who were present in Shushan the palace, both great and small, in the court of the garden of the king's palace.
Esther 7:7 The king arose in his wrath from the banquet of wine and went into the palace garden. Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.
Esther 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman had fallen on the couch where Esther was. Then the king said, "Will he even assault the queen in front of me in the house?" As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
Job 8:16 He is green before the sun. His shoots go forth over his garden.
Song of Songs 4:12 A locked up garden is my sister, my bride; a locked up spring, a sealed fountain.
Song of Songs 4:13 The produce of the garden is pomegranates; with all the best fruits, henna and spikenard,
Song of Songs 4:15 a fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, flowing streams from Lebanon.
Song of Songs 4:16 Awake, north wind; and come, you south! Blow on my garden, that its spices may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and taste his precious fruits.
Song of Songs 5:1 I have come into my garden, my sister, my bride. I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk. Eat, friends! Drink, yes, drink abundantly, beloved.
Song of Songs 6:2 My beloved has gone down to his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.
Song of Songs 6:11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, and to see whether the vine flourished and the pomegranates budded.
Isaiah 1:8 And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
Isaiah 1:30 For you shall be as an oak whose leaf fades, and as a garden that has no water.
Isaiah 5:7 For the vine-garden of the Lord of armies is the people of Israel, and the men of Judah are the plant of his delight: and he was looking for upright judging, and there was blood; for righteousness, and there was a cry for help.
Isaiah 10:18 And he will put an end to the glory of his woods and of his planted fields, soul and body together; and it will be as when a man is wasted by disease.
Isaiah 17:10 For you have not given honour to the God of your salvation, and have not kept in mind the Rock of your strength; for this cause you made a garden of Adonis, and put in it the vine-cuttings of a strange god;
Isaiah 51:3 For Yahweh has comforted Zion; he has comforted all her waste places, and has made her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of Yahweh; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.
Isaiah 58:11 and Yahweh will guide you continually, and satisfy your soul in dry places, and make strong your bones; and you shall be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters don't fail.
Isaiah 61:11 For as the earth brings forth its bud, and as the garden causes the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord Yahweh will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.
Jeremiah 10:5 It is like a pillar in a garden of plants, and has no voice: it has to be lifted, for it has no power of walking. Have no fear of it; for it has no power of doing evil and it is not able to do any good.
Jeremiah 31:12 They shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow to the goodness of Yahweh, to the grain, and to the new wine, and to the oil, and to the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.
Jeremiah 39:4 It happened that, when Zedekiah the king of Judah and all the men of war saw them, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the king's garden, through the gate between the two walls; and he went out toward the Arabah.
Jeremiah 52:7 Then a breach was made in the city, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were against the city all around;) and they went toward the Arabah.
Lamentations 2:6 He has violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden; he has destroyed his place of assembly: Yahweh has caused solemn assembly and Sabbath to be forgotten in Zion, Has despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest.
Ezekiel 28:13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz, emerald, chrysolite, onyx, jasper, sapphire, turquoise, and beryl. Gold work of tambourines and of pipes was in you. In the day that you were created they were prepared.
Ezekiel 31:8 The cedars in the garden of God could not hide it; the fir trees were not like its boughs, and the plane trees were not as its branches; nor was any tree in the garden of God like it in its beauty.
Ezekiel 31:9 I made it beautiful by the multitude of its branches, so that all the trees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, envied it.
Ezekiel 36:35 They shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited.
Hosea 14:7 Men will dwell in his shade. They will revive like the grain, and blossom like the vine. Their fragrance will be like the wine of Lebanon.
Joel 2:3 A fire devours before them, and behind them, a flame burns. The land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them, a desolate wilderness. Yes, and no one has escaped them.
Micah 7:14 Shepherd your people with your staff, the flock of your heritage, who dwell by themselves in a forest, in the midst of fertile pasture land, let them feed; in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.
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