Ecclesiastes 4:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person's envy of another. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind.

New Living Translation
Then I observed that most people are motivated to success because they envy their neighbors. But this, too, is meaningless--like chasing the wind.

English Standard Version
Then I saw that all toil and all skill in work come from a man’s envy of his neighbor. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

New American Standard Bible
I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. This too is vanity and striving after wind.

King James Bible
Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I saw that all labor and all skillful work is due to a man's jealousy of his friend. This too is futile and a pursuit of the wind.

International Standard Version
Then I examined all sorts of work, including all kinds of excellent achievements that create envy in others. This also is pointless and chasing after the wind.

NET Bible
Then I considered all the skillful work that is done: Surely it is nothing more than competition between one person and another. This also is profitless--like chasing the wind.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then I saw that all hard work and skillful effort come from rivalry. Even this is pointless. [It's like] trying to catch the wind.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Again, I considered all labour and all excelling in work, that it is a man's rivalry with his neighbour. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

New American Standard 1977
And I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. This too is vanity and striving after wind.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Again, I considered all travail and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

King James 2000 Bible
Again, I considered all toil, and every skillful work, that for this a man is envied by his neighbor. This is also vanity and grasping after the wind.

American King James Version
Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

American Standard Version
Then I saw all labor and every skilful work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Again I considered all the labours of men, and I remarked that their industries are exposed to the envy of their neighhour: so in this also there is vanity, and fruitless care.

Darby Bible Translation
And I saw all labour, and all success of work, that it is man's jealousy of his neighbour. This also is vanity and pursuit of the wind.

English Revised Version
Then I saw all labour and every skilful work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

Webster's Bible Translation
Again, I considered all labor, and every right work, that for this a man is envied by his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

World English Bible
Then I saw all the labor and achievement that is the envy of a man's neighbor. This also is vanity and a striving after wind.

Young's Literal Translation
And I have seen all the labour, and all the benefit of the work, because for it a man is the envy of his neighbour. Even this is vanity and vexation of spirit.
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
4:4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. They often become great and prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. But idleness is a sin that is its own punishment. Let us by honest industry lay hold on the handful, that we may not want necessaries, but not grasp at both hands full, which would only create vexation of spirit. Moderate pains and gains do best.
Study Bible
The Evils of Oppression
3But better off than both of them is the one who has never existed, who has never seen the evil activity that is done under the sun. 4I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. This too is vanity and striving after wind. 5The fool folds his hands and consumes his own flesh.…
Cross References
Ecclesiastes 1:14
I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and striving after wind.

Ecclesiastes 1:17
And I set my mind to know wisdom and to know madness and folly; I realized that this also is striving after wind.

Ecclesiastes 2:21
When there is a man who has labored with wisdom, knowledge and skill, then he gives his legacy to one who has not labored with them. This too is vanity and a great evil.
Treasury of Scripture

Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

every or all the rightness of work, that this is the envy of a man from his neighbour

Genesis 4:4-8 And Abel, he also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of the …

Genesis 37:2-11 These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years …

1 Samuel 18:8,9,14-16,29,30 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, …

Proverbs 27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.

Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but …

James 4:5 Do you think that the scripture said in vain, The spirit that dwells …

1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And …

this is

Ecclesiastes 3:16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness …

Ecclesiastes 1:14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, …

Ecclesiastes 2:21,26 For there is a man whose labor is in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in equity…

Ecclesiastes 6:9,11 Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: …

Genesis 37:4,11 And when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all …

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Alphabetical: a achievement after all And between chasing done envy every from have his I is labor man man's meaningless neighbor of result rivalry saw seen skill spring striving that the This too vanity which wind

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