1 Samuel 2:31
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your priestly house, so that no one in it will reach old age,

New Living Translation
The time is coming when I will put an end to your family, so it will no longer serve as my priests. All the members of your family will die before their time. None will reach old age.

English Standard Version
Behold, the days are coming when I will cut off your strength and the strength of your father’s house, so that there will not be an old man in your house.

New American Standard Bible
'Behold, the days are coming when I will break your strength and the strength of your father's house so that there will not be an old man in your house.

King James Bible
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
" 'Look, the days are coming when I will cut off your strength and the strength of your ancestral family, so that none in your family will reach old age.

International Standard Version
The time is coming when I'll cut away at your family and your ancestor's family until there are no old men left in your family.

NET Bible
In fact, days are coming when I will remove your strength and the strength of your father's house. There will not be an old man in your house!

New Heart English Bible
Look, the days come, that I will cut off your descendants, and the descendants of your father's house, that there shall not be an old man in your house.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The time is coming when I will break your strength and the strength of your father's house so that no one will grow old in your family.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.

New American Standard 1977
‘Behold, the days are coming when I will break your strength and the strength of your father’s house so that there will not be an old man in your house.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, the days come that I will cut off thine arm and the arm of thy father's house that there shall not be an old man in thy house.

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off your arm, and the arm of your father's house, that there shall not be an old man in your house.

American King James Version
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off your arm, and the arm of your father's house, that there shall not be an old man in your house.

American Standard Version
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold the days come: and I will cut off thy arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.

Darby Bible Translation
Behold, days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.

English Revised Version
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thy arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.

World English Bible
Behold, the days come, that I will cut off your arm, and the arm of your father's house, that there shall not be an old man in your house.

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, days are coming, and I have cut off thine arm, and the arm of the house of thy father, that an old man is not in thy house;
Study Bible
A Prophecy against Eli's House
30"Therefore the LORD God of Israel declares, 'I did indeed say that your house and the house of your father should walk before Me forever'; but now the LORD declares, 'Far be it from Me-- for those who honor Me I will honor, and those who despise Me will be lightly esteemed. 31Behold, the days are coming when I will break your strength and the strength of your father's house so that there will not be an old man in your house. 32You will see the distress of My dwelling, in spite of all the good that I do for Israel; and an old man will not be in your house forever.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 4:11
And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died.

1 Samuel 22:17
And the king said to the guards who were attending him, "Turn around and put the priests of the LORD to death, because their hand also is with David and because they knew that he was fleeing and did not reveal it to me." But the servants of the king were not willing to put forth their hands to attack the priests of the LORD.

1 Samuel 22:18
Then the king said to Doeg, "You turn around and attack the priests." And Doeg the Edomite turned around and attacked the priests, and he killed that day eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod.
Treasury of Scripture

Behold, the days come, that I will cut off your arm, and the arm of your father's house, that there shall not be an old man in your house.

I will cut That is, I will destroy the strength, power, influence, and authority of thee and thy family; of which the arm of man being the instrument, is used as the emblem.

1 Samuel 4:2,11,17-20 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when …

1 Samuel 14:3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, …

1 Samuel 22:17-20 And the king said to the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and …

1 Kings 2:26,27,35 And to Abiathar the priest said the king, Get you to Anathoth, to …

Job 22:9 You have sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have …

Psalm 37:17 For the arms of the wicked shall be broken: but the LORD upholds the righteous.

Ezekiel 30:21-24 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, …

Ezekiel 44:10 And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went …

(31) I will cut off thine arm.--"The arm" signifies power and strength: "Thy power and strength, and that of thy house is doomed." (See for the figure Job 22:9; Psalm 37:17.)

And there shall not be an old man in thine house.--No one more in thy house, O High Priest, who hast so signally failed in thy solemn duty, shall attain to old age; sickness or the sword shall ever early consume its members. This strange denunciation of the "man of God" is emphasised by being repeated in the next (32) verse, and in different words again in 1Samuel 2:33.

Verse 31. - I will cut off thine arm. The arm is the usual metaphor for strength. As Eli had preferred the exaltation of his sons to God's honour, he is condemned to see the strength of his house broken. Nay, more; there is not to be an "old man in his house." The young men full of energy and vigour perish by the sword; the Survivors fade away by disease. The Jews say that the house of Ithamar was peculiarly short-lived, but the prophecy was amply fulfilled in the slaughter of Eli's house, first at Shiloh, and then at Nob by Doeg the Edomite at the command of Saul. There is nothing to warrant an abiding curse upon his family. The third or fourth generation is the limit of the visitation of the sins of the fathers upon the children. Behold, the days come,.... Or, are coming (g); and will quickly come, in a very little time the things, after threatened, began to take place, even in the days of Eli's sons, and the whole was accomplished in about eighty years after:

that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house: that is, the strength of him and them, as the Targum, the strength of a man for doing business lying in his arm; meaning by it not long life, as Kimchi, who concludes this sense from what follows; but rather power and authority, or the exercise of the office of high priest, which gave him and his family great esteem and power; or it may be best of all, his children, which are the strength of a man, and the support of his family, see Genesis 49:3

that there shall not be an old man in thine house; as there were none when he died, and his two sons, the same day; and the children they left were very young, and Ahitub, who was one of them, could not die an old man, since Ahimelech his son was priest in the time of Saul, who with eighty five priests were slain by his order; and Abiathar his son was deprived of his priesthood in the time of Solomon; though some understand this not of an elder in years, but in office; and that the sense is, that there should be none of his family a senator, or a member of the great sanhedrim, or court of judicature; and so it is interpreted in the Talmud (h); with which agree Ben Gersom and Abarbinel.

(g) "venientes", Montanus. (h) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 14. 1.31. I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house—By the withdrawal of the high priesthood from Eleazar, the elder of Aaron's two sons (after Nadab and Abihu were destroyed, [Nu 3:4]), that dignity had been conferred on the family of Ithamar, to which Eli belonged, and now that his descendants had forfeited the honor, it was to be taken from them and restored to the elder branch.2:27-36 Those who allow their children in any evil way, and do not use their authority to restrain and punish them, in effect honour them more than God. Let Eli's example excite parents earnestly to strive against the beginnings of wickedness, and to train up their children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. In the midst of the sentence against the house of Eli, mercy is promised to Israel. God's work shall never fall to the ground for want of hands to carry it on. Christ is that merciful and faithful High Priest, whom God raised up when the Levitical priesthood was thrown off, who in all things did his Father's mind, and for whom God will build a sure house, build it on a rock, so that hell cannot prevail against it.
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